[1]卢永辉,陈纯海,高鹏,等.太赫兹辐射暴露引起小鼠视网膜基因表达改变[J].第三军医大学学报,2020,42(23):2274-2281.
 LU Yonghui,CHEN Chunhai,GAO Peng,et al.Terahertz radiation exposure results in altered gene expression profile in mouse retina[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2020,42(23):2274-2281.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第23期
页码:
2274-2281
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2020-12-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Terahertz radiation exposure results in altered gene expression profile in mouse retina
作者:
卢永辉陈纯海高鹏马秦龙何旻蒂张蕾余争平
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)军事预防医学系军队劳动卫生学教研室,电磁辐射医学防护教育部重点实验室
Author(s):
LU Yonghui CHEN Chunhai GAO Peng MA Qinlong HE Mindi ZHANG Lei YU Zhengping

Department of Occupational Health, Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Radiation Protection of Ministry of Education, Faculty of Military Preventive Medicine, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
太赫兹辐射视网膜创伤与损伤RNA-seq基因表达
Keywords:
 
分类号:
R-334; R146; R774.1
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的探讨太赫兹(terahertz,THz)辐射暴露后视网膜组织基因表达变化的整体情况,揭示THz暴露所致视觉系统损伤效应的关键信号通路及关键基因。方法通过平均功率密度80 mW/cm2的THz辐射暴露小鼠眼部,暴露时长2 min,取暴露后视网膜组织,采用RNA-seq测序分析基因表达变化的整体差异,采用聚类分析及富集分析揭示差异基因富集的信号通路和所揭示的生物功能;并进一步通过Real-time PCR揭示THz辐射暴露对视网膜损伤关键基因表达影响的时效关系。结果以P<0.05、|logFC|≥1为筛选条件对差异表达基因进行筛选,共筛选出上调基因625个,下调基因9个。GO分析差异基因主要分布于细胞外成分,分子功能主要为影响蛋白结合等,生物功能主要为细胞应激反应与细胞增殖等。KEGG信号通路分析结果显示,差异基因主要影响PPAR 信号通路、癌症相关信号通路、钙离子信号通路及PI3K-Akt信号通路。通过Real-time PCR对视网膜损伤相关基因进行验证发现,在暴露后5 min及24 h,THz辐射暴露均上调Krt12、Cfd、Wnt3a及Adipoq表达,下调Foxe3、Serpine3、Lix1、Rpe65、Rgr及Arsi基因表达,且暴露后5 min上调或下调幅度明显强于24 h。结论THz辐射能够导致视网膜大量基因表达异常,提示THz暴露可能造成视网膜损伤。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo explore the global changes of gene expression profile in the retina after terahertz (THz) radiation exposure in order to reveal the signal pathways and key genes involved in the process of visual system damage. MethodsMouse eyes were exposed to THz radiation at an average power density of 80 mW for 2 min. Then the retinal tissues were harvested to extract total RNA for RNA-seq analysis. The differential expression genes (DEGs) and their functions were identified with a certain condition for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. Real-time PCR was used to further explore the time-dependent effects of THz exposure on the expression of the key genes related to retinal injury from DEGs. ResultsThere were 625 up-regulated genes and 9 down-regulated genes screened out through the condition of P<0.05 and |logFC|≥1. The GO analysis revealed that the DEGs were mainly composed of extracellular components as the complementary biological concept of cellular component (CC), mainly related to protein binding as the concept of molecular function (MF), and were associated with response to external stimulus and cell proliferation as the concept of biological process (BP). The KEGG analysis indicated that most DEGs were enriched in the  PPAR, PI3K-Akt, and tumor- and calcium-related signaling pathways. Real-time PCR displayed that the expression levels of Krt12, Cfd, Wnt3a and Adipoq were up-regulated, while those of Foxe3, Serpine3, Lix1, Rpe65, Rgr and Arsi were down-regulated in the injured retinal tissues after THz irradiation exposure for 5 min and 24 h, and the changes were more significant after 5 minutes’ than 24 hours’ exposure. ConclusionTHz radiation exposure causes abnormal expression of a large number of genes in retinal tissue, indicating the exposure may induce retinal injury.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-12-04