[1]徐霞,王亚玲,徐铭,等.军医大学护士长心理压力与情感衰竭、生活满意度及情绪调节方式的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2020,42(24):2433-2438.
 Yaling,XU Ming,TIAN Xiaocui,et al.Relationships of perceived stress with emotional exhaustion and life satisfaction and moderating effect of emotion regulation in head nurses from affiliated hospitals of military medical universities[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2020,42(24):2433-2438.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第24期
页码:
2433-2438
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2020-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationships of perceived stress with emotional exhaustion and life satisfaction and moderating effect of emotion regulation in head nurses from affiliated hospitals of military medical universities
作者:
徐霞王亚玲徐铭田晓翠鲁芳袁媛
陆军特色医学中心:护理部,健康体检中心,神经内科3陆军军医大学(第三军医大学):护理系护理管理学教研室,第一附属医院临床护理学教研室
 
Author(s):
Yaling1 XU Ming2 TIAN Xiaocui3 LU Fang4 YUAN Yuan

Department of Nursing, 2Physical Examination Center, 3Department of Neurology, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400042;  4Department of Nursing Management, Faculty of Nursing, 5Department of Clinical Nursing, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
心理压力情感衰竭情绪调节方式生活满意度护士长军医大学
Keywords:
perceived stress emotional exhaustion emotion regulation life satisfaction head nurse military medical university
分类号:
R192.6;R395.6;R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的研究军医大学护士长心理压力状况及其与情感衰竭、生活满意度的关系,以及情绪调节方式在其中的潜在作用。方法采用知觉压力量表(Chinese perceived stress scale, CPSS)、职业倦怠量表(maslach burnout inventory-human service survey, MBI-HSS)的情感衰竭维度(emotional exhaustion, EE)、情绪调节量表(emotion regulation scale, ERS)和生活满意度量表(satisfaction with life scale, SWLS),于2020年1月对3所军医大学8家附属医院的142名护士长的压力、情感衰竭、情绪调节水平和生活满意度进行方便抽样调查。结果①军医大学护士长心理压力总分为(24.49±6.88)分,以CPSS 得分26分为临界值,存在健康危险性压力的占比为47.18%。②不同年龄、婚姻状况、职称、学历和护龄的护士长的心理压力水平差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。③心理压力水平与情感衰竭呈显著正相关(r=0.45,P<0.01),与情绪调节方式的认知重评、生活满意度呈显著负相关(r=-0.35、-0.43,P<0.01)。④表达抑制在心理压力水平对情感衰竭的影响中起调节作用。结论军医大学护士长心理压力水平较高,与情感衰竭、情绪调节方式、生活满意度密切相关,合理的情绪调节策略有助于缓解护士长情感衰竭水平,提高生活满意度,促进身心健康。
 
Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationships of perceived stress with emotional exhaustion and life satisfaction, and probe the moderating roles of emotion regulation in the relationships. MethodsConvenience sampling survey was carried out in 142 head nurses in the affiliated hospitals of 3 Military Medical Universities in January 2020. Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), Dimension of Emotional Exhaustion (EE) in Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS), Emotion Regulation Scale (ERS) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) were applied to investigate their perceived level of stress, EE, emotion regulation and satisfaction with life. Results①The total score of perceived stress was 24.49±6.88. When the score of 26 was taken as the cut-off value of CPSS, there were 47.18% head nurses under the risk of stress. ②Head nurses with different age, marital status, professional title, educational background and service length had significant differences in perceived level of stress (P<0.05). ③Perceived level of stress was positively correlated with emotional exhaustion (r=0.45, P<0.01), but negatively correlated with cognitive reappraisal and life satisfaction (r=-0.35, -0.43, P<0.01). ④Expressive suppression moderated the relationship between perceived stress and emotional exhaustion. ConclusionFor the head nurses from the military medical universities, their higher perceived level of stress is closely correlated with emotional exhaustion and life satisfaction. Rational emotion regulation strategies will help to reduce emotional exhaustion, improve life satisfaction and promote mental health.

相似文献/References:

[1]鲁芳,徐媛媛,于永菊,等.重症监护室护士情感衰竭特点及其与抑郁和创伤后应激障碍的关系:正念的调节作用[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(14):1397.
 LU Fang,XU Yuanyuan,YU Yongju,et al.Levels of emotional exhaustion and its relationship with depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in ICU nurses: the moderating effect of mindfulness[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(24):1397.

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-12-22