[1]张颖,张顺,郑毅,等.高原地区青年军人COVID-19疫情早期风险认知的调查研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2020,42(16):1619-1624.
 ZHANG Ying,ZHANG Shun,ZHENG Yi,et al.Survey of risk perception among young military personnel serving in high-altitude regions in early stage of COVID-19 pandemic [J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2020,42(16):1619-1624.
点击复制

高原地区青年军人COVID-19疫情早期风险认知的调查研究(/HTML )
分享到:

《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第16期
页码:
1619-1624
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2020-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Survey of risk perception among young military personnel serving in high-altitude regions in early stage of COVID-19 pandemic 
 
作者:
张颖张顺郑毅唐映丹贺英查培涛刘明禄白雪张晶轩杨国愉
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)医学心理系军人发展心理学教研室;73141部队医院
 
Author(s):
ZHANG Ying ZHANG Shun ZHENG Yi TANG Yingdan HE Ying ZHA Peitao LIU Minglu BAI Xue ZHANG Jingxuan YANG Guoyu

Department of Developmental Psychology of Armyman, Faculty of Medical Psychology, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; 2Troop 73141 Hospital, Quanzhou, Fujian Province, 362308, China

关键词:
新冠肺炎高海拔军人风险认知
Keywords:
coronavirus disease 2019 high altitude military personnel risk perception
分类号:
R339.54; R395.6; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的探讨高原地区青年军人在新冠肺炎疫情早期风险认知水平的变化特点。方法于2020年1月28~30日,以驻地海拔高度为分组依据,将1 093名青年军人分为3组:<1 000 m组、3 000~4 000 m组、>4 000 m组,采用风险认知问卷(Risk Cognitive Questionnaire,RCQ)进行网络调查,分析不同海拔地区青年军人风险认知水平的差异。结果①高海拔地区与低海拔地区青年军人在RCQ总分、可控性、熟悉性、恐惧和可逆性因子的得分上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。②不同婚姻状况、受教育程度及突发公共卫生事件经历的青年军人RCQ总分差异具有统计学意义 (P<0.05)。③海拔、婚姻状况、受教育程度及突发公共卫生事件经历是影响青年军人风险认知的重要因素(P<0.05)。④<1 000 m组的未婚、大专学历、经历过突发公共卫生事件的青年军人的RCQ总分最低,而>4 000 m组的已婚、本科及以上学历、未经历过突发公共卫生事件的青年军人的RCQ总分最高(P<0.05)。结论随着海拔的升高,新冠肺炎疫情早期青年军人风险认知水平呈线性上升的变化趋势,应及时关注高海拔地区、已婚、高学历及未经历过突发公共卫生事件的青年军人的心理健康。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk perception of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among young military personnel serving in high-altitude regions in the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak. MethodsUsing Risk Cognitive Questionnaire (RCQ), we conducted an online survey of risk perception for COVID-19 among 1 093 young military personnel serving in regions of different altitudes (<1 000 m, 3 000-4 000 m, and >4 000 m) in the early stage of COVID-19 outbreak (January 28 to 30, 2020), and analyzed the differences in risk cognition among the subjects. Results①The military personnel serving in high- and low-altitude regions showed significant differences in total RCQ scores and the scores for controllability, familiarity, fear and reversibility (P<0.05). ②The total RCQ scores differed significantly among the subjects with different marital status, education levels and experience of public health emergencies (P<0.05). ③Altitude, marital status, education and experience of public health emergencies were all important factors affecting risk perception of the disease among the young military personnel (P<0.05). ④The personnel serving in low-altitude (<1 000 m) regions who were unmarried, had a college degree, and had previous experience of public health emergencies had the lowest total RCQ scores, while those serving in regions above 4 000 m who were married and had at least a bachelor’s degree without experience of public health emergencies had the highest total RCQ scores (P<0.05). ConclusionAs the altitude increases, the risk perception for COVID-19 tends to increase among the young military personnel. Special attention should be given to the mental health status of the well-educated, married personnel serving in high-altitude regions who have no experience of public health emergencies.

相似文献/References:

[1]刘耘,冯正直,王庭波,等.常驻高海拔高原陆军军人心理素质特点[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(07):669.
 Liu Yun,Feng Zhengzhi,Wang Tingbo,et al.Mental quality of army residents in high-altitude plateau[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(16):669.
[2]何兵,李素芝.移居汉族高原红细胞增多症多导睡眠监测[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(07):679.
 He Bing,Li Suzhi.Polysomnography of high altitude polycythemia in migrant Han[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(16):679.
[3]殷作明,胡德耀,李素芝,等.高原高寒战时环境肢体火器伤后应激反应的特点[J].第三军医大学学报,2005,27(07):581.
[4]殷作明,胡德耀,李素芝,等.高原高寒战时环境猪肢体枪弹伤后T-AOC、SOD、MDA的特点变化及意义[J].第三军医大学学报,2005,27(09):809.
[5]朱海涛,张礼均,李飞,等.模拟急进高原环境下小型猪创伤性脑出血模型的建立[J].第三军医大学学报,2011,33(09):869.
 Zhu Haitao,Zhang Lijun,Li Fei,et al.A model of traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage in miniature pigs exposed to simulated high altitude[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2011,33(16):869.
[6]刘燕,赵群,王福领,等.步兵摩托化进驻4 300 m高原半年内习服状况评价[J].第三军医大学学报,2011,33(09):874.
 Liu Yan,Zhao Qun,Wang Fulin,et al.Altitude acclimatization for motorized infantry entering 4 300 m area within half a year[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2011,33(16):874.
[7]潘丽,李素芝.健康男性青年急进高原初期心脏功能变化特点研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2012,34(11):1104.
 Pan Li,Li Suzhi.Change of cardiac function in healthy young males following rapid travel to highlands[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2012,34(16):1104.
[8]甘丽英,冯正直,刘可愚,等.急进不同海拔高原军人抑郁症状发生特征及其与社会支持、生活事件相关研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(17):1836.
 Gan Liying,Feng Zhengzhi,Liu Keyu,et al.Correlation of social supports and life events with depressive symptoms in Chinese Armymen following rush marching to high altitude areas[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(16):1836.
[9]杨国愉,冯正直,刘云波,等.高海拔环境下驻训军人情绪特点的动态研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2005,27(15):1531.
[10]高伊星,李鹏,蒋春华,等.久居高原青年官兵脑功能的变化特征及其相关因素研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(10):1001.
 Gao Yixing,Li Peng,Jiang Chunhua,et al.Characteristics and related factors of brain function in long staying soldiers at high altitude[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(16):1001.

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-17