[1]薛奕童,王佳,张晶轩,等.高原军人情绪调节方式的发展特点及其对抑郁的预测[J].第三军医大学学报,2020,42(16):1600-1605.
 XUE Yitong,WANG Jia,ZHANG Jingxuan,et al.Developmental characteristics of emotional regulation strategies and their value for predicting depression in military personnel in high-altitude regions[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2020,42(16):1600-1605.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第16期
页码:
1600-1605
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2020-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Developmental characteristics of emotional regulation strategies and their value for predicting depression in military personnel in high-altitude regions
作者:
 
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)医学:心理系军人发展心理学教研室,研究生院学员一大队
Author(s):
XUE Yitong WANG Jia ZHANG Jingxuan XU Ke XIAO Hong TANG Quan WANG Huizhong FENG Zhengzhi
Department of Developmental Psychology for Armyman, Faculty of Medical Psychology, 2Graduate School, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China
 
关键词:
高原军人情绪调节方式抑郁追踪研究
Keywords:
 
分类号:
R339.54; R395.6; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的探索高原军人情绪调节方式纵向变化特点及对抑郁的预测作用。方法于2016—2018年连续3年对青藏线4 665名高原军人进行了追踪调查,采用情绪调节方式问卷(Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Armymen, AERTQ)、抑郁自评量表(Self-rating Depression Scale, SDS)、流调中心用抑郁量表(Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D)测量其情绪调节方式和抑郁得分。剔除由于执行任务、退伍或主动退出研究的军人,最终得到被试202人。结果①在2016—2018年期间,高原军人情绪调节方式得分由高到低始终是自我安慰、情感求助、认知重视、行为抑制(P<0.05),较为稳定。②情绪调节方式得分逐年提高,增强型情绪调节方式得分的上升幅度高于减弱型情绪调节方式(P<0.05)。③环境适应程度是影响情绪调节方式的重要因素(P<0.05)。④采用情绪调节方式预测抑郁情绪,认知重视预测年限为2年,自我安慰为1年(P<0.05)。结论高原军人主要情绪调节方式从减弱型转变为增强型,趋向消极化;不同适应程度的高原军人采用不同的情绪调节方式;情绪调节方式能够预测高原军人抑郁情绪。

Abstract:
ObjectiveTo explore the characteristics of the longitudinal changes of emotional regulation strategies and their value in predicting depression in military personnel serving in high-altitude regions. MethodsWe followed up 4 665 military personnel serving in high-altitude regions along the Qinghai-Tibet Supply Line for 3 consecutive years (2016-2018). Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Armymen (AERTQ), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were used to assess the strategies of emotion regulation and the depressive state of these individuals. After excluding the individuals withdrawn from the study (due to mobilizations for missions, discharge from service or personal reasons), we recruited 202 subjects for data analysis.  ResultsAmong the military personnel, the scores for emotional regulation strategies were the highest for self-comfort, followed by seeking emotional help, cognitive attention and behavioral inhibition (P<0.05); the scores were relatively stable over the 3-year period of the study. The scores for emotion regulation strategies increased year by year, and the score for enhanced emotion regulation recorded a significantly greater increase than that of weakened emotion regulation (P<0.05). The degree of environmental adaptation was important factors affecting the strategies of emotional regulation (P<0.05). The score for cognitive attention was capable of predicting a depressive state within 2 years, and the score of self-comfort had a predictive value within 1 year (P<0.05). ConclusionAmong the military personnel serving in high-altitude regions, emotional regulation shows a transition from a predominantly weakened to an enhanced strategy, suggesting a negative trend of changes. 
Adaptability affect the strategies adopted for emotional regulation, which can be predictive of the depressive state in these military personnel.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-17