[1]程晓彤,王佳,徐慧敏,等.高原军人抑郁情绪与负性认知加工偏向、情绪调节方式的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(22):2246-2252.
 CHENG Xiaotong,WANG Jia,XU Huimin,et al.Association of negative cognitive processing bias and emotion regulation styles with depressive emotion in military personnel serving in high-altitude areas[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(22):2246-2252.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第22期
页码:
2246-2252
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2019-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Association of negative cognitive processing bias and emotion regulation styles with depressive emotion in military personnel serving in high-altitude areas
作者:
程晓彤王佳徐慧敏赵梦雪冯正直
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学):研究生院,医学心理系军人发展心理学教研室,医学心理系军事心理学教研室,医学心理系
Author(s):
CHENG Xiaotong WANG Jia XU Huimin ZHAO Mengxue FENG Zhengzhi

Graduate School, Department of Developmental Psychology of Armyman, Department of Military Psychology, Faculty of Medical Psychology,  Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
 
Keywords:
negative cognitive processing bias emotion regulation style depressive emotion high altitude military personnel
分类号:
R395.1; R749.4; R821.21
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的探讨负性认知加工偏向、情绪调节方式与高原军人抑郁情绪的关系。方法 采用负性认知加工偏向问卷(negative cognitive processing bias questionnaire,NCPBQ)、军人情绪调节方式量表(armymen’s emotion regulation types questionnaire,AERTQ)和流调中心抑郁自评量表(center for epidemiologic studies depression scale,CES-D)对3 522名在海拔1 100~5 231 m驻训的高原军人进行现场调查,对数据进行描述性分析、χ2检验、相关分析、回归分析以及Bootstrap法检验中介效应,构建结构方程模型。结果①高原军人的抑郁情绪发生率为29.2%;②高原军人抑郁情绪与负性认知加工偏向4个因子、认知重视、行为抑制均呈显著正相关(r=0.230~0.588,P<0.01);③负性认知加工偏向和军人情绪调节方式均可独立预测高原军人抑郁情绪,解释率分别为 37.8%和30.9%;④多重中介效应模型显示,认知重视在负性认知加工偏向对高原军人抑郁情绪的影响中起中介作用。结论 负性认知加工偏向和消极情绪调节方式是高原军人抑郁情绪发生的危险因素,降低高负性认知加工偏向军人的认知重视使用频率,有助于减少高原军人的抑郁情绪发生率。
 
Abstract:

Objective To investigate the association of negative cognitive processing bias and emotion regulation types with depressive emotions in military personnel stationed in high-altitude areas. MethodsNegative Cognitive Processing Bias Questionnaire (NCPBQ), Armymen’s Emotion Regulation Types Questionnaire (AERTQ) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were adopted to survey 3 522 soldiers serving in areas at attitudes ranging from 1 100 m to 5 231 m. Descriptive, correlation and regression analyses, Chi-square test, and mediating effect test with Bootstrap method of the data were carried out, and a structural equation model was constructed. ResultsThe prevalence rate of depressive emotions was 29.2% among the surveyed participants. The occurrence of depressive emotions was positively correlated with the 4 factors of negative cognitive processing bias (attention, memory, interpretation, and contemplation), cognitive focus, and behavior restraint (r=0.230-0.588, P<0.01). Negative cognitive processing bias and the emotion regulation types could independently explain the variance of depressive emotion in the military personnel with explanation rates of 37.8% and 30.9%, respectively. Multiple mediation modeling showed that cognitive focus mediated the effect of negative cognitive processing bias on depressive emotions. ConclusionNegative cognitive processing bias and negative emotion regulation styles are risk factors for depressive emotions in military personnel stationed in high-altitude areas. Reducing the cognitive focus in individuals with high negative cognitive processing bias can help to reduce the incidence of depressive emotion in the military personnel.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-21