[1]刘乐斌,严华成,周志坚,等.2017-2018年南部战区官兵中暑现状调查及影响因素分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(17):1620-1626.
 LIU Lebin,YAN Huacheng,ZHOU Zhijian,et al.Current situation and influencing factors of heatstroke in officers and soldiers from Southern Theater Command from 2017 to 2018[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(17):1620-1626.
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2017-2018年南部战区官兵中暑现状调查及影响因素分析(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第17期
页码:
1620-1626
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Current situation and influencing factors of heatstroke in officers and soldiers from Southern Theater Command from 2017 to 2018
作者:
刘乐斌严华成周志坚詹险峰刘文毅银涛李代波
510507 广州,中国人民解放军南部战区疾病预防控制中心
Author(s):
LIU Lebin YAN Huacheng ZHOU Zhijian ZHAN Xianfeng LIU Wenyi YIN Tao LI Daibo

Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Southern Theater Command, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510507, China
 

关键词:
南部战区军事人员中暑调查和问卷影响因素
Keywords:
Southern Theater Command military personnel heatstroke surveys and questionnaires  influencing factor
分类号:
R195.4; R254.21; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的调查2017-2018年南部战区官兵中暑现状,分析可能的影响因素。方法随机整群抽样南部战区陆军、海军、空军、联勤保障部队和火箭军5个军种23个单位共计1 699名官兵,通过问卷调查和病历查阅等方法,分析南部战区官兵中暑现状及影响因素。结果受调查官兵中近1年有138名(8.1%)发生过中暑,各军种的中暑发病率从高到低依次为海军(11.2%)、陆军(10.1%)、联勤保障部队(7.3%)、火箭军(5.1%)和空军(4.2%),各军种间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01);按兵种专业分,中暑发病率排在前3位分别是装甲兵(22.4%)、水面舰艇部队(15.8%)和炮兵(10.7%),各兵种专业间差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。中暑发病时间集中在6-8月份,最容易发生中暑的训练科目是5公里越野。通过比较中暑人员和非中暑人员发现:中暑人员的女性比例、已婚比例、饮酒人数比例均大于非中暑人员,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);此外,两组人员在睡眠质量、饮食状况、工作日平均每天体力劳动时间、疲劳训练频率、炎热时是否错时训练和中暑相关知识掌握度等方面差异也具有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论 南部战区官兵中暑发病率较高。睡眠质量、饮食状况、工作日平均每天体力劳动时间、疲劳训练频率、炎热时是否错时训练和中暑相关知识掌握度等因素可能是南部战区部队中暑发生的影响因素。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the current situation of heatstroke among the officers and soldiers in Southern Theatre Command from 2017 to 2018, and to analyze the possible influencing factors. MethodsA total of 1 699 officers and soldiers were subjected by random cluster sampling from 23 units of 5 military categories, including Army, Navy, Air Force, Joint Logistics Support Force and Rocket Army. The current situation and influencing factors of heatstroke in them were analyzed by means of questionnaire and case study. ResultsIn the past year, 138 officers and soldiers (8.1%) had heatstroke, and the incidence of heatstroke in each military service ranked from high to low as Navy (11.2%), Army (10.1%), Joint Logistics Support Force (7.3%), Rocket Army (5.1%) and Air Force (4.2%), with significant differences among among different military services (P<0.05, P<0.01). According to the different military specialties, the top 3 specialties experiencing heatstroke were armored units (22.4%), surface warships (15.8%) and artillery (10.7%), and significant difference was seen among different military specialties (P<0.01). The most common onset time of heatstroke was during June and August, and the most prone training subject was 5 km off-road. The results of the comparison study showed that the ratios of female, married and drinkers were significantly higher in those with heatstroke than those without (P<0.05). Obvious differences were also seen in sleep quality, dietary status, average daily physical work time, frequency of fatigue training, training when avoiding the heat and the knowledge related to heatstroke between the 2 groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionThe incidence of heatstroke in the officers and soldiers of Southern Theatre Command is relatively high from 2017 to 2018. Sleep quality, dietary status, average daily physical work time, frequency of fatigue training, training when avoiding the heat and knowledge related to heatstroke may be factors influencing the occurrence of heatstroke in them.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-09