[1]李海明,余漩,孟涛.野战医疗队(所)队员军事体能训练现状调查[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(13):1187-1191.
 LI Haiming,YU Xuan,MENG Tao.Survey on current status of military physical training of field medical team personnel[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(13):1187-1191.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第13期
页码:
1187-1191
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Survey on current status of military physical training of field medical team personnel
作者:
李海明余漩孟涛
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)陆军卫勤训练基地:军事共同与部队管理教研室,卫生勤务学教研室
Author(s):
LI Haiming1 YU Xuan2 MENG Tao1

1Department of Military Basic Training and Force Management, 2Department of Health Service, Army Health Service Training Base of Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
军事体能训练野战医疗队(所)现状调查
Keywords:
military physical fitness training field medical team current status survey
分类号:
R192; R821.1; R872
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的调查野战医疗队(所)队员军事体能训练现状。方法2017年7月至2018年1月对8支野战医疗队(所)220名队员采用自编体能训练问卷进行无记名调查,通过成绩调阅、动作评估和座谈进行现场调查,并对问卷数据进行描述性统计及卡方检验,对现场调查数据进行描述性统计,根据数据结果分析队员军事体能训练现状。结果通过对220名队员的现场调查发现,有19.5%体能考核成绩未达到大纲规定的合格标准,75.0%以上的队员存在诸多影响运动表现的因素,对科学训练方法掌握不够。问卷调查发现,220名队员中仅102名(46.4%)选择喜欢体能训练,分层分析发现体能训练的情感态度主要受性别、身体素质自评影响(P<0.01),176名(80.0%)队员认为体能训练对提高卫勤保障水平有较好的促进作用。14.5%的队员所在单位没有制定或下发体能训练计划,参加单位组织的体能训练的队员仅占38.7%,25.0%的队员所在单位没有进行体能考核。队员周均训练次数(时长)达到6次(6 h)以上的仅占20.9%(21.4%),每周训练不足2次(2 h)的占27.3%(23.6%)。进一步分析发现时间限制、兴趣习惯、设施限制、运动氛围、个人情绪、身体条件和缺乏指导是影响体能训练的主要因素。结论野战医疗队(所)队员军事体能训练主观积极性不够,训练计划与组织不力,训练时间严重不足,训练成绩达标率低;时间限制、兴趣习惯、设施限制、缺乏指导是影响训练的主要因素。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo survey the status quo of military physical fitness training among the military personnel from field medical teams (FMT). MethodsA total of 220 members from 8 FMTs were surveyed with anonymous questionnaires from July 2017 to January 2018. An on-site investigation was conducted through consulting physical fitness training scores, action assessment, and symposium. For the obtained descriptive data from the questionnaires and the on-site investigation, Chi-square test was used to process the data statistically. The results were further analyzed for their current status of military physical fitness training. ResultsThe results of on-site investigation showed that 19.5% of the FMT members failed to meet the requirements of the Military Sports Training Outline, and more than 75.0% of them had many factors affecting their sports performance, and did not have enough knowledge on scientific training. Among the 220 respondents, only 102 (46.4%) preferred physical training, and the stratified analysis showed that the emotional attitude to physical fitness training was mainly influenced by gender and physical fitness self-evaluation (P<0.01). One hundred and seventy-six (80.0%) respondents believed that physical fitness training exerted promotion effect on improving military medical support. Among them, 14.5% members did not have a physical fitness training plan delivered or designed by their units at all. Only 38.7% of them participated in the physical fitness training organized by their units, and physical examination was not held by the units of 25.0% members. Only 20.9% (21.4%) of them took part in a training more than 6 times (6 h) a week, and 27.3% (23.6%) of them only were trained less than 2 times a week (2 h). Further analysis indicated that time limitation, interest and habits, facilities limitation, sports atmosphere, personal emotions, physical conditions and lack of guidance were the main factors affecting physical fitness training. ConclusionFMT personnel are lack of subjective initiative, inadequate physical training plan and organization, serious shortage of training time, and more than half of them fail to meet the requirements of the Military Sports Training Outline. And the main factors of training are time limitation, interest and habits, facilities limitation and lack of guidance.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-05