[1]陈南生,盛莉,牛海军,等.运动处方对特种兵跳伞训练应激相关情绪的干预效果 [J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(11):1031-1037.
 CHEN Nansheng,SHENG Li,NIU Haijun,et al.Intervention efficacy of exercise prescription on parachute training stress-related emotion in special operations forces [J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(11):1031-1037.
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运动处方对特种兵跳伞训练应激相关情绪的干预效果
 
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第11期
页码:
1031-1037
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Intervention efficacy of exercise prescription on parachute training stress-related emotion in special operations forces
 
作者:
陈南生盛莉牛海军王王饶芳井艳芳糜漫
陆军特种作战学院特种作战实验中心;陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)军事预防医学系军队营养与食品卫生学教研室
Author(s):
CHEN Nansheng SHENG Li NIU Haijun WANG Wang RAO Fang JING Yanfang MI Mantian

Laboratory Center of Special Operations, Army Special Operations Forces College, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510500; 2Research Center for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Medical Center of Nutrition, Faculty of Military Preventive Medicine, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
空降作战行动特种兵运动处方急性应激心境状态情绪水平
Keywords:
airborne operations special forces soldiers exercise prescription acute stress mood states emotional level  
分类号:
R395.5; R821.23; R853
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 探讨运动处方(exercise prescription,EP)对特种兵跳伞训练应激相关情绪的干预效果。方法 从2016年4-7月参加陆军某学院承训的陆军特种作战部队特种兵跳伞技能培训的集训学员中抽取40名作为研究对象,用随机数字表法分为研究组(n=19)和对照组(n=20)。研究组采用运动处方的干预训练方法,对照组未接受运动处方干预。通过心境状态量表(profile of mood states scale, POMS)、急性应激反应量表(acute stress response scale,ASRS)及敏感生理生化指标的监测,比较两组学员跳伞应激相关情绪的调适效果。结果 通过为期8周的运动处方训练,研究组应激相关情绪POMS心境状态量表测试表明,各因子的健康水平有较大的改善,与对照组相比差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01)。研究组消极情绪下降了21.48分,积极情绪增长了12.38分,而对照组消极和积极情绪变化不明显。在急性应激水平表达方面,与对照组相比,研究组ASRS测试各项目因子得分明显降低,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01)。血液生理生化指标显示:与对照组相比,研究组ANP、Ang-Ⅱ、ET三项敏感指标明显下降,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论 运动处方干预可有效改善特种兵空降作战跳伞应激情绪的不良反应。

Abstract:

Objective To explore the intervention efficacy of exercise prescription (EP) on stress-related emotions in parachute training for special operations force (SOF) soldiers. Methods A total of 40 SOF soldiers undergoing parachute training in a military college from April to July 2016 were subjected as the research objects, and were randomly divided into experimental group (n=19) and control group (n=20). The participants from the former group received EP intervention training, while those of the latter group did not. Profile of mood states scale (POMS), acute stress response scale (ASRS) and sensitive physiological and biochemical indicators were used to compare the intervention efficacy on parachute related stress between the 2 groups. Results After 8 weeks of EP training, the results of POMS indicated that all factors were greatly improved in the experimental group than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the experimental group, the score of negative emotions was decreased by 21.48, while those of positive emotions increased by 12.38. But no such significant changes were seen in the control group. Compared with the control group, the scores of ASRS items were significantly reduced in the experimental group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of blood physiological and biochemical indicators showed that the sensitive indicators, serum atrial natriuretic factor (ANP), angiotensin-Ⅱ (Ang-Ⅱ) and endothelin (ET) were obviously decreased in the experimental group than the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Exercise prescription exerts intervention effect on the adverse reactions of parachute-related stress emotions in SOF soldiers.
 

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-06