[1]张国伟,孙磊,刘坤,等.特种作战军人疲劳及系统性劳动不耐受病发生状况调查[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(11):1018-1023.
 ZHANG Guowei,SUN Lei,LIU Kun,et al.Survey on fatigue and systemic exertion intolerance disease among personnel from special operations force [J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(11):1018-1023.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第11期
页码:
1018-1023
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Survey on fatigue and systemic exertion intolerance disease among personnel from special operations force
 
作者:
张国伟孙磊刘坤杨望向鹏陈卿熊梓烨张思阳曾强朱元军龙刚曹佳周紫垣  
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)军事预防医学系:环境卫生学教研室,毒理学研究所;77110部队;陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)基础医学院学员一大队三队
Author(s):
ZHANG Guowei SUN Lei LIU Kun YANG Wang XIANG Peng CHEN Qing XIONG Ziye ZHANG Siyang ZENG Qiang ZHU Yuanjun LONG Gang CAO Jia ZHOU Ziyuan

Department of Environment Health, 2Institute of Toxicology, Faculty of Military Preventive Medicine, 4Third Group of the First Student Brigade, College of Basic Medical Sciences,  Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; 3Troop 77110, Shifang, Sichuan Province, 618419, China
 

关键词:
特种作战部队特战专业岗位军人疲劳系统性劳动不耐受病  
Keywords:
special operation forces military personnel at professional posts fatigue systemic exertion intolerance disease
分类号:
R821.23; R821.3; R873
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 了解某特种作战部队官兵疲劳状况及系统性劳动不耐受病(systemic exertion intolerance disease,SEID)的发生情况。方法 2018年6月选取某特种作战部队官兵260人,采用多维度疲劳量表MFI-20评估特战官兵的疲劳程度。根据美国医学研究院(Institute of Medicine, IOM)在2015年推荐的SEID诊断标准,通过SEID调查表评估其发生情况及影响因素。结果 特战人员MFI疲劳总分为54.49±11.13,综合性疲劳、体力疲劳、活动减少、动力下降及脑力疲劳各维度的评分分别为13.63±3.48、11.75±3.48、9.72±2.33、9.00±2.52及10.39±3.74。特战官兵约有34.27%的人员存在半年以上的深度疲劳;官兵中SEID相关症状的发生率依次为不能恢复精力的睡眠(76.00%)、能力损伤(71.54%)、认知损伤(46.18%)、直立不耐受(26.52%)、运动后不适(22.09%)。根据IOM推荐的诊断标准,特战官兵SEID发生率约为12.61%。特战官兵每天训练时间与疲劳程度(r=0.223,P<0.01)和SEID发生率(P=0.039)密切相关,未发现不同军龄、岗位等因素之间疲劳评分及SEID发生率的差别。结论 特战官兵中疲劳评分及SEID发生率均较高;特战官兵每天训练时间与疲劳程度和SEID发生率密切相关。
 

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the fatigue status and occurrence of systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) in soldiers from a unit of special operations force. MethodsA total of 260 officers and soldiers from a SPF unit were selected in June 2018, and surveyed for fatigue level with multidimensional fatigue inventory 20 (MFI-20). According to the SEID diagnostic criteria recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2015, the occurrence and influencing factors of SEID were assessed using a questionnaire. ResultsThe total score of MFI of the participants was 54.49±11.13, and the scores of general fatigue, physical fatigue, reduced activity, reduced motivation and mental fatigue were 13.63±3.48, 11.75±3.48, 9.72±2.33, 9.00±2.52 and 10.39±3.74, respectively. About 34.27% of the participants suffered from deep fatigue for longer than half a year. The incidences of SEID-related symptoms were 76.00% for unrefreshing sleep, 71.54% for substantial reduction or impairment in the ability, 46.18% for cognitive impairment, 26.52% for orthostatic intolerance and 22.09% for post-exertional malaise in order. According to the diagnostic criteria recommended by IOM, the incidence of SEID was 12.61%. The daily training time was closely correlated to fatigue level (r=0.223, P<0.01) and SEID incidence (P=0.039). There were no differences in fatigue score and SEID incidence among the participants of different durations of military service, posts and other factors. ConclusionThe fatigue score and incidence of SEID are quite high in the participants. The daily training time is closely correlated to fatigue level and SEID incidence.


 

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-06