[1]黄琳苹,孙磊,邹鹏,等.陆军特战部队5公里武装越野训练疲劳程度的分析和评估[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(11):1007-1012.
 HUANG Linping,SUN Lei,ZOU Peng,et al.Analysis and assessment of fatigue level after 5-km armed off-road training in army special operations force [J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(11):1007-1012.
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陆军特战部队5公里武装越野训练疲劳程度的分析和评估(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第11期
页码:
1007-1012
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis and assessment of fatigue level after 5-km armed off-road training in army special operations force
 
作者:
黄琳苹孙磊 邹鹏 陈卿 刘畅 向鹏 曾颖斐 安慧 王晓刚 杨望 朱元军 曾强 龙刚 刘坤 肖靖淞 张中豪 刘文斌 陈洪强 张国伟 周紫垣 赛燕 刘晋祎 曹佳
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)军事预防医学系:毒理学研究所,环境卫生学教研室;  77110部队
Author(s):
HUANG Linping SUN Lei ZOU Peng CHEN Qing LIU Chang XIANG Peng ZENG Yingfei AN Hui WANG Xiaogang YANG Wang ZHU Yuanjun ZENG Qiang LONG Gang LIU Kun XIAO Jingsong ZHANG Zhonghao LIU Wenbin CHEN Hongqiang ZHANG Guowei ZHOU Ziyuan SAI Yan LIU Jinyi CAO Jia

Institute of Toxicology, 3Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Military Preventive Medicine, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; 2Troop 77110, Shifang, Sichuan Province, 618419, China
 

关键词:
特种作战部队特战专业岗位军人5公里越野疲劳程度
Keywords:
special operations forces military personnel at professional post 5 km armed off-road training fatigue level  
分类号:
R821.23; R821.3; R872.6
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 了解陆军特战部队军人5公里武装越野训练的训练强度和疲劳程度,筛选可用于疲劳程度评价的敏感指标。方法 采用简单随机抽样的方法,2018年5-6月从某特种作战部队选择20名特战专业岗位战士作为训练组,严格按照特战部队考核标准进行5公里全副武装越野训练,对训练前后各项疲劳程度相关指标进行比较分析;并采用整群抽样的方法选择456名特战专业岗位军人进行训练情况问卷调查,对不同特战训练科目疲劳程度进行量化评分和排序。结果 ①与5公里武装越野训练前的静息水平比较,训练后战士末梢血乳酸水平显著升高,唾液pH值显著降低(P<0.001, P=0.013)。②与训练前静息水平比较,训练后战士心率和血流灌注指数显著增加(P<0.001, P=0.015),血氧饱和度显著降低(P<0.001)。③训练后战士习惯手、非习惯手握力及皮肤空间两点阈与训练前静息水平相比差异无统计学意义。④训练后战士神经行为能力各指标中记忆扫描、视注意广度及曲线拟合能力指数值与训练前静息水平比较均显著降低(P=0.030, P=0.007, P=0.001)。⑤16项特战训练科目中疲劳程度高于5公里武装越野的有6项。结论 5公里武装越野训练为次重度劳动强度;血乳酸、唾液pH值、心率、血氧饱和度、视注意广度及曲线拟合能力指数等指标可作为评价特种作战部队军人训练疲劳程度的敏感指标。
 

Abstract:

Objective To evaluate the training intensity and fatigue level after 5 km armed off-road training in army special operations forces (SOF), and to screen sensitive indicators for fatigue evaluation. Methods Twenty soldiers at professional posts were collected from a SOF unit during May and June 2018 by simple random sampling. They conducted a training of 5 km armed off-road strictly according to the assessment criteria of SOF. Their fatigue indexes were collected before and after training, and the results were compared and analyzed. A survey questionnaire about training conditions was conducted on 44 officers and 420 soldiers selected from a SOF unit by cluster sampling. The fatigue levels of different SOF training subjects was quantitatively scored and ranked. Results ①Compared with the resting values before 5 km armed off-road training, the peripheral blood level of lactic acid (P<0.001) was increased significantly, while the pH value of saliva was decreased obviously after training (P=0.013). ② Their heart rate (P<0.001) and blood perfusion index (P=0.015) were elevated remarkably, but the oxygen saturation was reduced (P<0.001) after training. ③No significant differences were found in the handgrip strengths of the dominant and non-dominant hands and skin space thresholds before and after the training. ④The training reduced the indicators of neurobehavioral ability, such as memory scanning (P=0.030), visual attention span (P=0.007) and curve fitting ability index (P=0.001) in the subjects when compared with the data before training. ⑤Among the 16 training subjects, there were 6 SOF training subjects causing higher fatigue level than that of 5 km armed off-road training. Conclusion Five-kilometer armed off-road training is an activity of sub-severe intensity. Blood lactic acid, saliva pH value, heart rate, oxygen saturation, visual attention span, and curve fitting ability index can be used as sensitive indicators to evaluate the training fatigue of soldiers in SOF.
 

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-06