[1]彭李,武曈,黄伟容,等.正念减压训练对集训期火箭军新兵心理健康的促进作用[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(11):1090-1096.
 PENG Li,WU Tong,HUANG Weirong,et al.Promotive effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction on mental health in new rocket force recruits during assembly training [J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(11):1090-1096.
点击复制

正念减压训练对集训期火箭军新兵心理健康的促进作用(/HTML )
分享到:

《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第11期
页码:
1090-1096
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2019-06-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Promotive effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction on mental health in new rocket force recruits during assembly training
 
作者:
彭李武曈黄伟容蔡云孟峰玉王皓徐媛媛李敏
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)医学心理系军事心理学教研室;解放军96714部队;解放军96711部队
 
Author(s):
PENG Li WU Tong HUANG Weirong CAI Yun MENG Fengyu WANG Hao XU Yuanyuan LI Min  

Department of Military Psychology, Faculty of Medical Psychology, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; 2Troop 96714, Yong’an, Fujian Province, 366000; 3Troop 96711, Qingyang, Anhui Province, 242800, China

关键词:
正念减压训练集训期火箭军新兵心理健康
Keywords:
mindfulness stress reduction training duration of assembly training rocket force new recruits mental health
分类号:
R395.6; R749.055; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 研究正念减压训练(mindfulness-based stress reduction, MBSR)对集训期火箭军新兵的认知偏向、焦虑以及心理弹性的影响。方法 采用整群抽样法,从某部队男性新兵中抽取训练组、对照组各87人,进行为期8周的干预。训练组进行8周正念减压训练,对照组进行军人心理健康手册的学习。训练前后分别采用五因素正念问卷(five factor mindfulness questionnaire, FFMQ)、正负性认知偏向量表(attention to positive and negative information scale, APNIS)、焦虑敏感性指数量表(anxiety sensitive index scale, ASI)、状态-特质焦虑问卷(state-trait anxiety inventory, STAI)、心理弹性量表(connor-davidson resilience scale, CD-RISC)对两组被试进行测试。结果 ①新兵的正念水平与心理弹性、正性认知偏向呈显著正相关(相关系数分别为0.548、0.391),与负性认知偏向、焦虑敏感性、状态焦虑和特质焦虑呈显著负相关(相关系数分别为-0.400、-0.280、-0.455、-0.558);②正念水平在测量时间与训练分组的交互效应上作用显著(P<0.05),训练能显著提升个体的正念水平。正性认知偏向在测量时间与训练分组的交互效应上显著,对照组正性认知偏向随时间的增加呈下降趋势(P<0.05),而训练组的正性认知偏向在干预前后无统计学差异。结论 正念减压训练能显著提升集训期火箭军新兵的正念水平,并缓解其正性认知偏向随时间而下降的趋势,对维护新兵心理健康具有重要价值。
 

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on cognitive bias, anxiety and psychological resilience in new recruits of rocket force during assembling training. Methods A total of 174 soldiers were subjected by cluster sampling from a unit of rocket force, and then randomly and equally divided into treatment group and control group. The participants from the treatment group were given MBSR training for 8 weeks, while those of the control group studied military mental health handbook by themselves or through group learning via psychological counselors. Five factor mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ), attention to positive and negative information scale (APNIS), anxiety sensitive index scale (ASI), state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), and connor-davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC) were employed to survey the participants before and after intervention. Results ①Before training, the mindfulness level of the participants was positively correlated with psychological resilience and positive cognitive bias (r=0.548, 0.391), and was negatively with negative cognitive bias, anxiety sensitivity, state anxiety and trait anxiety(r=-0.400, -0.280, -0.455, -0.558). ②The mindfulness level showed significant interaction effect between measurement time and grouping (P<0.05), and MBSR training obviously promoted individual mindfulness level. The positive cognitive bias was significant in interaction effect of measurement time and grouping. The positive cognitive bias was declined in the control group with the elapse of training time (P<0.05), while it had no significant difference in the treatment group before and after training. Conclusion MBSR training can significantly improve the mindfulness level in new rocket force recruits during assembly training, and alleviate the decreasing tendency of positive cognitive bias with time decreasing, which is of important value to maintain mental health of these new recruits.

参考文献/References:

[1]胡光涛, 贺英, 崔建新, 等. 1104名新兵心理健康水平及相关因素分析[J]. 解放军预防医学杂志, 2010, 28(6): 410-414. DOI:10.13704/j.cnki.jyyx.2010.06.013.
HU G T, HE Y, CUI J X, et al. The mental health status and related factors of 1104 recruits[J]. J Prev Med Chin PLA, 2010, 28(6): 410-414. DOI:10.13704/j.cnki.jyyx.2010.06.013.
[2]赵林, 张理义, 徐长军, 等. 心理干预对军人情景特质应对、社会支持和心身健康的影响及其相互关系[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志, 2013, 22(3): 233-236. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2013.03.014.
ZHAO L, ZHANG L Y, XU C J, et al. Effects of psychological intervention on military personnel’s social support, coping styles and psychosomatic health and their relationships[J]. Chin J Behav Med Brain Sci, 2013, 22(3): 233-236. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2013.03.014.
[3]SHULMAN B, DUECK R, RYAN D, et al. Feasibility of a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy group intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety[J]. J Affect Disorders, 2018, 235:61. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2017.12.065.
[4]STANLEY E A, SCHALDACH J M, KIYONAGA A, et al. Mindfulness-based mind fitness training: A case study of a high-stress predeployment military cohort[J]. Cognitive Behav Pract, 2011, 18(4): 566-576. DOI:10.1016/j.cbpra.2010.08.002.
[5]刘亚栋, 张莉. 夏秋季新兵集训期心理健康状况的调查研究[J]. 武警后勤学院学报(医学版), 2015, 24(5): 365-368. DOI:10.16548/j.2095-3720.2015.05.009.
LIU Y D, ZHANG L. Investigation on mental health state of recruits in summer and autumn during recruit training session[J]. J Logistics Univ PAPF(Med Sci), 2015, 24(5): 365-368. DOI:10.16548/j.2095-3720.2015.05.009.
[6]戈英男, 马楷轩, 蔡文鹏, 等. 军人焦虑敏感性和心理健康关系:心理弹性的中介效应[J]. 第二军医大学学报, 2018,39(1):92-96.
GE Y N,MA K X,CAI W P,et al.Relationship between anxiety sensitivity and psychological health of soldiers:mediating effect of resilience[J]. Acad J Second Mil Med Univ, 2018,39(1):92-96.
[7]陈秀秀,左昕,彭李,等. 某部新兵集训期心理状况与情绪调节方式及认知偏向的关系[J].第三军医大学学报, 2016, 38(16):1900-1904.DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.201512030.
CHEN X X, ZUO X, PENG L, et al. Relationship of mental status with emotion regulation and cognitive bias in a troop of recruits during training[J]. J Third Mil Med Univ, 2016, 38(16): 1900-1904. DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.201512030.
[8]石磊, 刘波涛, 李敏, 等. 某部新兵新训期间的心理健康和适应与其家庭教养方式、心理弹性和应对方式的关系[J]. 中国健康心理学杂志,2014,22(10):1524-1526.
SHI L,LIU B T,LI M,et al.The relations among mental health and adaptation,parental rearing patterns,resilience and coping styles in recruits during military training[J]. China J Health Psychol, 2014,22(10): 1524-1526.
[9]徐媛媛,蔡云,黄伟容,等. 二炮某部军人心理应激水平与心理弹性、认知偏向和积极情绪的关系[J]. 第三军医大学学报, 2015,37(7): 698-702. DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.201409134.
XU Y Y, CAI Y, HUANG W R, et al. Relationships of psychological stress with resilience, cognitive bias and positive affect in a troop of Second Artillery Force[J]. J Third Mil Med Univ, 2015,37(7): 698-702. DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.201409134.
[10]SHEERIN C M, LIND M J, BROWN E A, et al. The impact of resilience and subsequent stressful life events on MDD and GAD[J]. Depress Anxiety, 2018, 35(2):140-147. DOI:10.1002/da.22700.
[11]罗禹.急性应激增强个体对威胁刺激的加工[D]. 重庆:西南大学,2014.
LUO Y. Acute stress enhances individual processing of threat stimulus[D]. Chongqing:Southwest University, 2014.
[12]TELMAN M D, HOLMES E A, LAU J Y. Modifying adolescent interpretation biases through cognitive training: effects on negative affect and stress appraisals[J]. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev, 2013,44(5): 602-611. DOI:10.1007/s10578-013-0386-6.
[13]CHABY L E, CAVIGELLI S A, AMANDA W, et al. Long-term changes in cognitive bias and coping response as a result of chronic unpredictable stress during adolescence[J]. Front Hum Neurosci, 2013, 7: 328. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00328.
[14]RUIJGROK-LUPTON P E, CRANE R S, DORJEE D. Impact of mindfulness-based teacher training on MBSR participant well-being outcomes and course satisfaction[J]. Mindfulness (N Y), 2018, 9(1): 117-128. DOI:10.1007/s12671-017-0750-x.
[15]BAER R A, SMITH G T, LYKINS E, et al. Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples[J]. Assessment, 2008, 15(3): 329-342. DOI:10.1177/1073191107313003.
[16]张作记.行为医学量表手册[M].北京:中华医学电子音像出版社,2005.
ZHANG Z J. Manual of behavioral medicine scale[M].Beijing: Chinese Medical Multimedia Press,2005.
[17]李茜茜, 郭兰婷, 冯正直, 等. 焦虑敏感问卷中文版的信度和效度[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2006, 20(10): 675-678.
LI Q Q, GUO L T, FENG Z Z, et al. Reliability and validity of Chinese revision of the anxiety sensitivity index-revised[J]. Chin Mental Health J, 2006,20(10):675-678.
[18]刘金鑫, 张水淼, 尉壮壮,等. 心理弹性在认知情绪调节策略和军人急性应激反应中的中介作用研究[J]. 中国全科医学,2017,20(11):1370-1373.
LIU J X, ZHANG S M, YU Z Z, et al. Mediating effect of resilience on strategies of cognitive emotion regulation and acute stress response of soldiers[J]. Chin General Pract, 2017, 20(11): 1370-1373.
[19]RAJANDRAM R K, JENEWEIN J, MCGRATH C, et al. Coping processes relevant to posttraumatic growth: An evidence-based review[J]. Support Care Cancer, 2011, 19(5): 583-589. DOI:10.1007/s00520-011-1105-0.
[20]缪毅, 彭李, 李敏, 等. 军医大学新生集训应激后成长及影响因素分析[J]. 第三军医大学学报, 2012, 34(17): 1793-1796. DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.2012.17.001.
MIAO Y, PENG L, LI M, et al. Posttraumatic growth in fresh medical cadets after training and its influencing factors[J]. J Third Mil Med Univ, 2012, 34(17):1793-1796.DOI:10.16016/j.1000-5404.2012.17.001.
[21]JALILIANHASANPOUR R, WILLIAMS B, GILMAN I, et al. Resilience linked to personality dimensions, alexithymia and affective symptoms in motor functional neurological disorders[J].J Psychosomatic Res,2018,107:55-61.DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.02.005.
 

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-06-06