[1]赵本惠,陈倩,何心海,等.老年患者围术期死亡相关因素的Logistic回归分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(02):148-152.
 ZHAO Benhui,CHEN Qian,HE Xinhai,et al.Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for perioperative mortality in elderly patients[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(02):148-152.
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老年患者围术期死亡相关因素的Logistic回归分析(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第02期
页码:
148-152
栏目:
临床医学
出版日期:
2019-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for perioperative mortality in elderly patients
作者:
赵本惠陈倩何心海陈星同易斌甯交琳鲁开智 顾健腾
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)第一附属医院麻醉科
 
Author(s):
ZHAO Benhui CHEN Qian HE Xinhai CHEN Xingtong YI Bin NING Jiaolin LU Kaizhi GU Jianteng

Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China
 

关键词:
术中低血压老年患者围术期死亡Logistic回归分析
Keywords:
intraoperative hypotension elderly patients perioperative death logistic regression analysis
分类号:
R363.273; R544.2; R619.9
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 采用Logistic回归分析,探讨老年患者术中低血压及其他潜在因素与围术期死亡的相关性。方法 收集我院2007年1月至2017年8月接受外科手术、年龄≥65岁的老年患者26 758例,病例分为两组:观察组156例(死亡病例)和对照组312例(按存活∶死亡为2∶1随机纳入)。利用麦迪斯顿麻醉信息系统采集患者术中血压以及系列手术相关信息,对其与老年患者围术期死亡的相关性进行单因素和多因素Logistic回归分析。结果 单因素Logistic回归分析结果提示:平均动脉压(MAP)≤65 mmHg以及收缩压(SBP)≤120 mmHg的各区段血压、年龄、ASA分级、心功能分级、实施全麻、术前合并症、手术类型、术中使用血管活性药物、术中输血均可能与老年患者围术期死亡相关(P<0.05)。多因素Logistic回归分析结果提示:术中低血压(60 mmHg<MAP≤65 mmHg)是老年患者围术期死亡的高危因素,其累计持续时间占总手术时间大于7.84%时增加老年患者围术期死亡率;与老年患者围术期死亡相关的其他高危因素包括年龄、ASA分级、术前合并冠心病或恶性肿瘤、颅脑手术及术中输血量(OR>1)。结论老年手术患者术中MAP≤65 mmHg,随持续时间的延长,将增加术后死亡率的风险;年龄、ASA分级、术前合并冠心病或恶性肿瘤、颅脑手术及术中输血量是老年患者围术期死亡的高危因素。

Abstract:

Objective To explore the correlation of intraoperative hypotension and other risk factors with perioperative death in elderly patients. Methods We reviewed the clinical data of 26 758 patients aged 65 years or above who underwent surgery in our hospital between January, 2007 and August, 2017, and selected 156 patients with perioperative death (observation group) and 312 surviving patients (control group, selected randomly from the total surviving patients) for this study. The intraoperative blood pressure and surgical data of the enrolled patients were collected using the Maddie Ston anesthesia information system. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for perioperative mortality in the elderly patients. Results The results of univariate logistic regression analysis suggested a mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) ≤65 mmHg with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≤120 mmHg, age, ASA classification, cardiac function classification, general anesthesia, preoperative complications, surgical types, intraoperative use of vasoactive drugs, and intraoperative blood transfusion were all significantly correlated with perioperative mortality in the elderly patients (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that intraoperative hypotension (a MAP between 61 and 65 mmHg) was a high-risk factor for perioperative death in these patients, and the perioperative mortality rate could be increased when the cumulative hypotention time approached 8% of the total operative time. The other high-risk factors associated with perioperative mortality in the elderly patients included age, ASA classification, pre-existing coronary heart disease or malignant neoplasms, craniocerebral surgery and intraoperative blood transfusion (OR>1). Conclusion Prolonged intraoperative hypotension (with a MAP below 65 mmHg) is correlated with an increased risk of perioperative death in elderly patients. Age, ASA classification, coronary heart disease or malignant tumor, craniocerebral surgery and intraoperative blood transfusion are all high-risk factors for perioperative death in elderly patients.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-30