[1]郭颖,马含俏,曾佳,等.护士认知情绪调节策略、社会支持与知觉压力的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(02):170-176.
 GUO Ying,MA Hanqiao,ZENG Jia,et al.Relationship among cognitive emotion strategy, social support and perceived stress in nursing staff[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(02):170-176.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第02期
页码:
170-176
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2019-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationship among cognitive emotion strategy, social support and perceived stress in nursing staff
作者:
郭颖马含俏曾佳杨璐张曼华
首都医科大学卫生管理与教育学院心理学教研室
Author(s):
GUO Ying MA Hanqiao ZENG Jia YANG Lu ZHANG Manhua

Department of Psychology, School of Health Management and Education, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, China

关键词:
认知情绪调节策略 社会支持 知觉压力 护士
Keywords:
cognitive emotion regulation strategy social support perceived stress nurses
分类号:
R192.5; R395.1; R395.6
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的 探讨护士群体在知觉压力得分正常组和危险组间的认知性情绪调节策略选择的差异,以及认知情绪调节策略和社会支持对于知觉压力的预测作用。方法 使用知觉压力量表(Chinese perceived stress scale,CPSS)、认知情绪调节问卷(cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire,CERQ)和社会支持评定量表(social support rating scale,SSRS)对1 354名护士进行调查,采用结构方程模型和Bootstrap法,考察社会支持在护士认知情绪调节策略与知觉压力之间的中介作用。结果 压力正常组和压力危险组的认知情绪调节策略和社会支持的各维度得分均存在差异,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。皮尔逊相关分析显示:知觉压力[(24.82±8.39)分]与积极情绪调节策略[(65.76±10.06)分]、主观支持[(24.02±4.77)分]、客观支持[(9.55±2.99)分]和对支持的利用度[(7.94±1.84)分]呈负相关(r=-0.295,P<0.01;r=-0.306,P<0.01:r=-0.196,P<0.01;r=-0.306,P<0.01),与消极情绪调节策略[(42.53±8.75)分]呈正相关(r=0.472,P<0.01)。多元回归分析表明:认知性情绪调节策略和社会支持的多数维度对知觉压力的水平具有显著预测性。中介作用分析显示:社会支持对认知情绪调节策略及知觉压力关系的中介效应均为部分中介效应,在自我责备与知觉压力之间的中介效应占总效应的9.8%,在灾难化与知觉压力之间的中介效应占总效应的12.9%,在积极重新关注与知觉压力之间的中介效应占总效应的21.1%,在积极重新评价与知觉压力之间的中介效应占总效应的19.0% (P均<0.05)。结论 选择积极情绪调节策略和社会支持情况较好的护士,其知觉压力水平较低;倾向采用消极情绪调节策略的护士,更可能具有较高的知觉压力水平。认知情绪调节策略和社会支持对知觉压力具有显著的预测作用。

Abstract:

Objective To explore the differences in the selection of cognitiveemotional regulation strategies between nurses with normal perceived stress scores and those with atrisk scores, and explore the predictive effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies and social support on perceived stress in the nursing staff. Methods We surveyed a total of 1 354 nurses using the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, and Social Support Rating Scale. Mediation analysis with structural equation modeling was conducted to test the mediating effect of social support on the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategy and perceived stress. Results The nurses with normal and hazardous stress scores showed significant differences in the scores for all the dimensions of cognitive emotion regulation strategies and social support (P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the perceived stress scores (24.82±8.39) were negatively correlated with the scores of positive emotion regulation strategy (65.76±10.06; r=-0.295, P<0.01), subjective support (24.02±4.77; r=-0.306, P<0.01), objective support (9.55±2.99; r=-0.196, P<0.01) and utilization of support (7.94±1.84; r=-0.306, P<0.01), and positively correlated with the score of negative emotional regulation strategy (42.53±8.75; r=0.472, P<0.01). Multivariate regression analysis showed that most of the dimensions of cognitive emotion regulation strategies and social support were predictive of the level of perceived stress. Mediation analysis indicated a partial mediating effect of social support on the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and perceived stress: The mediating effect between self-blame and perceived stress accounted for 9.8% of the total effect, that between catastrophization and perceived stress accounted for 12.9%, that between positive re-focus and perceived stress accounted for 21.1%, and that between positive re-evaluation and perceived stress accounted for 19.0% (All P<0.05). Conclusion The nurses who choose positive emotion regulation strategy and with a good social support condition have lower levels of perceived stress, and a negative emotion regulation strategy is associated with an increased level of perceived stress. Cognitive emotional regulation strategies and social support have significant predictive effects on perceived stress.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-30