[1]吴蔚,何萍.体外膜肺氧合在危重伤病员救治和转运中的应用及其对我军战创伤救治的启示[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(01):1-6.
 WU Wei,HE Ping.Application of ECMO in critically ill patients and its enlightenment for combat casualty care in our army[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(01):1-6.
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体外膜肺氧合在危重伤病员救治和转运中的应用及其对我军战创伤救治的启示(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第01期
页码:
1-6
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of ECMO in critically ill patients and its enlightenment for combat casualty care in our army
作者:
吴蔚何萍
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)第一附属医院:胸外科,心脏外科
Author(s):
WU Wei HE Ping

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Cadiac Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
体外膜肺氧合伤员转运急性心肺功能衰竭战伤救治  
Keywords:
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation casualty transport acute cardiopulmonary failure combat casualty care
分类号:
R459.7; R654.1; R826.1
文献标志码:
A
Abstract:

The treatment and transportation of the sick and wounded with severe cardiopulmonary failure, because of high mortality rate, is always a difficult issue in combat casualty care. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), as a technique for cardiopulmonary life support, can partially support cardiac and pulmonary functions in those patients. So, ECMO has been maturely applied in the treatment and transportation of these patients in developed countries and their armies. China started late, but developed rapidly in its utilization. The characteristics of ECMO application in treatment and transportation in the foreign countries are as follows: ①ECMO can be used in all the diseases involving respiratory and circulatory failure. ②Because ECMO transport involves the critical illness, many links and far distances, complications commonly occur, even lead to death in some serious cases during the transport. In order to reduce the incidence of the transport complications, professional transport teams have been set up in large centers and armies of developed countries to undertake transport tasks. ③Corresponding to different transport distances, different transport modes are established. In wartime, air transport is often chosen. The above experience has inspired our army in the treatment of severe heart and lung failure. The ideas of enlightenment include: ①The incidence of severe respiratory failure and heart failure has been greatly increased due to the changes of injury factors in modern war and the operational environment, and application of ECMO in the treatment and transport can reduce the morbidity and mortality. ② Combining the characteristics of our military operations, ECMO can provide powerful and stable cardiopulmonary support, quickly relieve the symptoms such as hypoxia and heart failure, and fully ensure the patients’ safety on the way back for dying critically ill patients, and those suffering from such as severe high altitude pulmonary edema, sea drowning and/or hypothermia, and inhalation injury. ③ Capable, professional and quickresponse ECMO teams for transport and treatment should be set up. ④There is an urgent need to establish ECMO air transport process.
 

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-14