[1]尹德成,赵喆,刘颖悦,等.重症患儿院间体外膜肺氧合转运的临床回顾性分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2019,41(01):19-24.
 YIN Decheng,ZHAO Zhe,LIU Yingyue,et al.Retrospective clinical analysis of inter-hospital transport of critically ill children on extracorporeal membrane oxygen[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2019,41(01):19-24.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第01期
页码:
19-24
栏目:
军事医学
出版日期:
2019-01-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Retrospective clinical analysis of inter-hospital transport of critically ill children on extracorporeal membrane oxygen
作者:
尹德成赵喆刘颖悦张晓娟高海涛洪小杨
陆军总医院附属八一儿童医院PICU;出生缺陷防控关键技术国家工程实验室;儿童器官功能衰竭北京市重点实验室
Author(s):
YIN Decheng ZHAO Zhe LIU Yingyue ZHANG Xiaojuan GAO Haitao HONG Xiaoyang

PICU, Affiliated Bayi Children’s Hospital, PLA Army General Hospital, Beijing, 100700; National Engineering Laboratory for Birth Defects Prevention and Control of Key Technology, Beijing, 100700;Beijing Key Laboratory of Pediatric Organ Failure, Beijing, 100700, China

关键词:
体外膜氧合作用转运危重病儿童
Keywords:
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transport critical illness children
分类号:
R181.32; R720.597; R726.541
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的    探讨危重患儿体外膜肺氧合(extracorporeal membrane oxygen,ECMO)转运技术应用的可行性及安全性。方法    收集2016年2月至2017年11月八一儿童医院通过儿科ECMO转运网络与302医院、郑州儿童医院、西北妇幼保健院等医院合作完成ECMO转运的15例危重患儿的病例(院外转运组具体病情及带机转运指征由八一儿童医院PICU、儿童心脏科与合作医院的PICU、新生儿科等科室共同确认),与同期完成的38例本院院内ECMO操作病例数据进行对比,分析患儿并发症发生率、存活率等指标,评估ECMO转运对患儿治疗的影响。结果    15例ECMO转运患儿中男性10例,女性5例;心脏支持6例,呼吸支持9例,年龄16 d至12岁;体质量3~47 kg;共有11例成功脱离ECMO,总撤机率73.3%,存活出院10例,存活率66.7%;治疗期间出现并发症5例,并发症发生率33.3%。同期院内ECMO患儿共38例,男性30例,女性8例;循环支持10例,呼吸支持28例;出现并发症12例,发生率31.6%;26例成功撤机,总撤机率68.4%,存活出院22例,存活率57.9%。转运组患儿存活率高于院内支持组,但差异无统计学意义[66.7% vs 57.9%,P>0.05];两组间并发症发生率差异无统计学意义[33.3% vs 31.6%,P>0.05],转运距离的增加不构成并发症发生率增高。 结论    成熟规范的重症患儿ECMO转运技术是安全有效的,较之院内ECMO操作来说不会增加患儿并发症的发生率。

Abstract:

Objective    To explore the feasibility and safety of extracorporeal membrane oxygen (ECMO) transport for critically ill children. Methods    A total of 15 critically ill children transported on ECMO in Bayi Children’s Hospital cooperating with No. 302 Hospital of PLA, Zhengzhou Children’s Hospital, and Northwest Maternal and Child Health Hospital etc. from February 2016 to November 2017 were collected and analyzed in this study. The children’s conditions and transport indications of the out-of-hospital transport group were confirmed by the doctors from the PICU and cardiologic department of our hospital and the PICU and neonatologic departments of the cooperative hospitals. The clinical data of the above 15 children were compared with the 38 pediatric ECMO cases conducted in our hospital during the same period. Results   The obtained 15 cases of ECMO transport were 10 males and 5 females, at an age from 16 d to 12 years, and weighted from 3 to 47 kg. Six of them underwent ECMO for cardiac support and the other 9 for respiratory support. Eleven patients were successfully withdrawn from ECMO, with a weaning rate of 73.3%, and 10 cases survived to discharge with a rate of 66.7%. Among these patients, 5 cases (33.3%) had got a complication during the treatment. During the same period, the 38 cases undergoing ECMO in the local hospital were 30 males and 8 females, and 10 got cardiac supports and 28 respiratory supports. Among them, complications occurred in 12 cases (31.6%), and 26 cases (68.4%) were successfully weaned from ECMO. Finally, 22 patients (57.9%) survived to discharge. The survival rate was higher in the inter-hospital transport group than the intra-hospital group (66.7% vs 57.9%, P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the incidence of complications  (33.3% vs 31.6%, P>0.05), indicating the transport distance showed no effect on the incidence. Conclusion    The mature and standard ECMO transport is safe and effective for critically ill children, and the operation has no effect on the incidence of complications.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-14