[1]赵梦雪,陈波,罗茜,等.情感承诺在军队变革型领导促进心理健康过程中的中介作用[J].第三军医大学学报,2018,40(08):733-738.
 ZHAO Mengxue,CHEN Bo,LUO Xi,et al.Organizational affective commitment mediates effect of military transformational leadership in promoting psychological fitness[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2018,40(08):733-738.
点击复制

情感承诺在军队变革型领导促进心理健康过程中的中介作用(/HTML )
分享到:

《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2018年第08期
页码:
733-738
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2018-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Organizational affective commitment mediates effect of military transformational leadership in promoting psychological fitness
作者:
赵梦雪陈波罗茜林智远连小清赖薇王佳胡丰 冯正直
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学):心理学院,基础部外语教研室;,31633 部队;君沣信息科技有限公司;重庆师范大学教育科学学院
Author(s):
ZHAO Mengxue CHEN Bo LUO Xi LIN Zhiyuan LIAN Xiaoqing LAI Wei WANG Jia HU Feng FENG Zhengzhi

College of Psychology, Department of Foreign Languages, Army Medical University(Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; Troop 31633, Huaihua, Hunan Province, 418000; Jun Feng Information Technology Co Ltd, Xiamen, Fujian Province, 361000; School of Education Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, 401331, China

关键词:
军队变革型领导心理健康组织情感承诺
Keywords:
military transformational leadership psychological fitness organizational affective commitment
分类号:
R849;R395.6;R82
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的     探索军队变革型领导、组织情感承诺与心理健康状态之间的关系。方法     采用变革型领导问卷(transformational leadership questionnaire,TLQ),90项症状清单(symptom checklist 90,SCL-90)和组织情感承诺量表(organizational affective commitment scales, OACS),对陆军航空兵部队4 373名军人进行调查。结果     ①军队变革型领导和组织情感承诺被纳入SCL-90总分的回归方程(F=200.796,P<0.01),年龄、军龄、性别、人员类别和工作类型则未纳入(P>0.05);②军队变革型领导同组织情感承诺呈中等程度的正相关(rmin=0.471, rmax=0.490, P<0.01);军队变革型领导与SCL-90部分因子得分呈中等程度的负相关(rmin =-0.346, rmax=-0.420,P<0.01);组织情感承诺与SCL-90部分因子得分呈中等程度的负相关(rmin =-0.354, rmax =-0.421, P<0.01);③中介模型显示,组织情感承诺在变革型领导对心理健康状态的作用中起到部分中介作用。结论    军队变革型领导能够有效提升心理健康水平和官兵对组织的情感承诺,组织情感承诺在变革型领导对心理健康状态的影响中起中介作用。

Abstract:

Objective     To explore the relationship among military transformational leadership, organizational affective commitment and psychological fitness. Methods     The Transformational Leadership Questionnaire (TLQ), Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Organizational Affective Commitment Scales were used to survey 4 373 soldiers serving in the Chinese army aviation.  Results    Military transformational leadership and organizational affective commitment significantly influenced the regression equation of the SCL90 total score (F=200.796, P<0.01). Age, length of military service, gender, individual identity and job category were not included in the regression equation (P>0.05). Military transformational leadership showed a moderate positive correlation with organizational affective commitment (rmin=0.471, rmax=0.490, P<0.01) and moderate negative correlation with the scores of SCL-90 partial factors (rmin=-0.346, rmax=-0.420,P<0.01); organizational affective commitment showed a moderate negative correlation with the scores of SCL90 partial factors (rmin=-0.354, rmax=-0.421, P<0.01). The mediation model showed that organizational affective commitment partially mediated the effect of the transformational leadership on psychological fitness. Conclusion     The style of military transformational leadership can effectively promote mental health and affective commitment of the military staff, and organizational affective commitment can mediate the effect of transformational leadership on psychological fitness.
 

参考文献/References:

[1]周志刚, 祝一虹, 杨金玉. 心理干预对航空机务人员心理健康水平的影响[J]. 浙江预防医学, 2014, 26(6): 597-598, 601.
ZHOU Z G, ZHU Y H, YANG J Y. Effect of psychological intervention on mental health in aviation maintenance personnel[J]. Zhejiang J Prevent Med, 2014, 26(6): 597-598, 601.
[2]陈凯强. 心理弹性在社会支持影响陆航飞行教员心理应激中的中介效应[J]. 中国健康心理学杂志, 2017, 25(3): 366-370, 371. DOI: 10.13342/j.cnki.cjhp.2017.03.014.
CHEN K Q. The intermediary effect in mental elasticity of the social support effecting army aviation helicopter flying instructor[J]. China J Health Psychol, 2017, 25(3): 366-370,371. DOI: 10.13342/j.cnki.cjhp.2017.03.014.
[3]王真真, 籍元婕, 冀虎圣, 等. 航空兵部队官兵心理状况及心理压力源调研[J]. 华南国防医学杂志, 2015, 29(10): 770-773.
WANG Z Z,JI Y J,JI H S,et al. Investigation of psychological situation and mental pressure source between officers and soldiers in aviation force [J]. Mil Med J South China, 2015, 29(10): 770-773.
[4]于宝成, 仲伟红, 王哲, 等. 陆航直升机飞行人员睡眠质量调查[J]. 空军医学杂志, 2016, 32(6): 419.
YU B C, ZHONG W H, WANG Z, et al. Survey on sleep quality of aviation helicopter pilots [J]. Med  J Air Force, 2016, 32(6): 419 .
[5]张志学, 施俊琦, 刘军. 组织行为与领导力研究的进展与前沿[J]. 心理科学进展, 2016, 24(3): 317-326. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00317.
ZHANG Z X, SHI J Q, LIU J. Advances and frontiers in research of organizational behavior and leadership[J]. Adv Psycholo Sci, 2016, 24(3): 317-326. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00317.
[6]李超平, 时勘. 变革型领导的结构与测量[J]. 心理学报, 2005, 37(6): 97-105.
LI C P, SHI K. The structure and measurement of transformational leadership in china[J]. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2(4): 571-590. DOI: 10.1007/s1178200800325.
[7]李磊, 尚玉钒, 席酉民, 等. 变革型领导与下属工作绩效及组织承诺:心理资本的中介作用[J]. 管理学报, 2012, 9(5): 685-691. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672884X.2012.05.008.
LI L, SHANG Y F, XI Y M, et al. psychological capital as a mediator of the relationship between transformational leadership and followers’ task performance and organizational commitment[J]. Chin J Manage, 2012, 9(5): 685-691. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672884X.2012.05.008.
[8]马靓, 苏钢强, 申俊龙. 变革型领导风格、护士组织承诺对工作绩效影响的路径分析[J]. 中国卫生事业管理, 2017(6): 415-418.
MA L, SU G Q, SHEN J L. Path analysis of nurse managers’ transformational leadership styles and nurses’ organizational commitment on job performance [J]. Chin Health Serv Manage, 2017(6): 415-418.
[9]杨慧军, 杨建君. 领导风格、组织承诺与技术创新模式的关系研究[J]. 科学学与科学技术管理, 2016, 37(1): 152-161.
YANG H J, YANG J J. Research on the relationship among leadership styles, organizational commitment and technological innovation[J]. Sci Sci Manage of S.&.T., 2016, 37(1): 152-161.
[10]洪素,李秋洁,张莲棠,等. 变革型领导、组织承诺与护士创新的相关性研究[J]. 中华护理杂志, 2013(03): 248-250.
HONG S, LI Q J, ZHANG L T, et al. The relationship among nurses’ transformational leadership, organizational commitment and innovative behaviors [J]. Chin J Nurs, 2013(03): 248-250. DOI: 10.3761/j.issn.02541769.2013.03.020
[11]GRADE P A. Organizational Commitment in the Military: An Overview[J]. Mil Psychol, 2003, 15(3): 163-166.
[12]赵萌, 苗丹民, 孙云峰, 等. 国外军人组织承诺研究进展[J]. 第四军医大学学报, 2007, 28(8): 765-767. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:10002790.2007.08.032.
ZHAO M, MIAO D M, SUN Y F, et al. Advances in study on organization commitment of foreign armymen[J]. J Fourth Mil Med Univ , 2007, 28(8): 765-767. DOI: 10.3321/ j.issn:10002790.2007.08.032.
[13]张莉, 夏莹, 孙达. 基于集体主义情境的变革型领导、组织承诺与离职倾向研究[J]. 管理学报, 2013, 10(9): 1316-1322. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672884x.2013.09.009.
ZHANG L, XIA Y, SUN D. Transformational leadership, organizational commitment and turnover intention: aN empirical study in collectivism context[J]. Chin J Manage, 2013, 10(9): 1316-1322. DOI: 10.3969/ j.issn.1672884x. 2013.09.009.
[14]金华, 吴文源, 张明. 中国正常人SCL90评定结果的初步分析[J]. 中国神经精神疾病杂志, 1986, 12(5): 260-263.
JIN H, WU W Y, ZHANG M. Preliminary analysis of scl90 assessment results of normal Chinese people [J]. Chin J Nerv Ment Dis, 1986, 12(5): 260-263.
[15]王焕林,孙剑,余海鹰,等. 我国军人症状自评量表常模的建立及其结果分析[J]. 中华精神科杂志, 1999, 32(1): 37-39. DOI: 10.3760/j:issn:10067884.1999.01.012.
WANG H L, SUN J, YU H Y. The establishment of the norm of SCL90 and the result analysis among Chinese army[J]. Chin J Psychiatr, 1999, 32(1): 37-39. DOI: 10.3760/j:issn:10067884.1999.01.012.
[16]冯正直, 胡丰, 刘云波, 等. 我国军人症状自评量表2016版常模的建立[J]. 第三军医大学学报, 2016, 38(20): 2210-2214. DOI: 10.16016/j.10005404.201607007.
FENG Z Z, HU F, LIU Y B, et al. Establishment of norm of symptom check list 90 (2016 edition) for chinese military personnel[J]. J Third Mil Med Univ, 2016, 38(20): 2210-2214. DOI: 10.16016/j.10005404.201607007.
[17]赵梦雪, 罗茜, 王立菲, 等. 常驻青藏高原陆军军人症状自评量表2017版常模[J]. 第三军医大学学报, 2017, 39(19): 1875-1882.
ZHAO M X,LUO X,WANG L F,et al.Norm of Symptom Checklist90 (2017 Edition) for Chinese army stationed on the QinghaiTibet Plateau[J]. J Third Mil Med Univ, 2017, 39(19): 1875-1882.
[18]ALLEN N J, MEYER J P. Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: an examination of construct validit[J]. J Vocat Behav, 1996, 49(3): 252-276. DOI: 10.1006/jvbe.1996.0043.
[19]EISENBERGER R, KARAGONLAR G, STINGLHAMBER F, et al. Leadermember exchange and affective organizational commitment: the contribution of supervisor’s organizational embodiment[J]. J Appl Psychol, 2010, 95(6): 1085-1103. DOI: 10.1037/a0020858.

相似文献/References:

[1]苏倩,王书孝,郭海涛,等.某军医大学硕士新生心理健康与个性特征调查分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2012,34(18):1916.
[2]贺英,赵梦雪,王皖曦,等.适应性团体心理训练对新兵心理健康和情绪的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(19 ):1972.
 He Ying,Zhao Mengxue,Wang Wanxi,et al.Adaptive group psychological training improves mental health and emotional states in new recruits[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(08):1972.
[3]汪涛,唐红英,舒勤,等.458名进藏新兵心理健康状况与影响因素分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(03):267.
 Wang Tao,Tang Hongying,Shu Qin,et al.Status of mental health in recruits at high altitude and related factors[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(08):267.
[4]杨国愉,冯正直,刘云波,等.团体心理训练对军医大学护理新生心理健康的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2006,28(18):1909.
[5]廖雅琴,胡彦,冯正直.我国军人心理健康研究的现状与展望[J].第三军医大学学报,2005,27(20):2090.
[6]姜巍,冯正直,年春志,等.陆军新兵元情绪能力与心理健康的关系及其影响因素研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2005,27(07):674.
[7]冯正直,祖霞.军人心理健康评价——理论与模型[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(22):2207.
 Feng Zhengzhi,Zu Xia.Mental health assessment for military men: theories and model[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(08):2207.
[8]王鑫强,何晓新.中国军人心理健康研究进展[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(22):2213.
 Wang Xinqiang,He Xiaoxin.Progress of Chinese Military Mental Health[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(08):2213.
[9]冯正直,刘潇.中美军人心理健康概念、评价和训练比较分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(22):2218.
 Feng Zhengzhi,Liu Xiao.Sino-US military mental health: a comparative analysis on concepts, evaluation and training[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(08):2218.
[10]杨国愉,晏玲,王皖曦,等.中国赴利比里亚抗击埃博拉军人心理健康的追踪研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(22):2229.
 Yang Guoyu,Yan Ling,Wang Wanxi,et al.Longitudinal investigation on mental health of armymen sent to Liberia against Ebola[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(08):2229.

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-04-28