[1]张晶轩,贺英,赵梦雪,等.高海拔环境下军人状态-特质焦虑的特点研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(15):1532-1536.
 ZHANG Jingxuan,HE Ying,ZHAO Mengxue,et al.Characteristics of statetrait anxiety in military personnel in high altitude[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(15):1532-1536.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2017年第15期
页码:
1532-1536
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2017-08-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of statetrait anxiety in military personnel in high altitude
作者:
张晶轩贺英赵梦雪王菲菲杨国愉
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室;解放军第324医院精神卫生中心
Author(s):
ZHANG Jingxuan HE Ying ZHAO Mengxue WANG Feifei YANG Guoyu

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology of Armyman, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Mental Health Center, No. 324 Hospital of PLA, Chongqing, 400020, China

关键词:
状态特质焦虑军人高海拔
Keywords:
state-trait anxiety military personnel high altitude
分类号:
R339.54; R749; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的      研究高海拔环境下军人状态-特质焦虑的特点。方法     采用状态-特质焦虑问卷(state-trait anxiety inventory, STAI),对驻高原地区45个部队6 019名军人进行团体测评,分析军人状态-特质焦虑的特点。结果     ①性别:女性TAI得分显著高于男性(P<0.01)。     ②职别:军官组SAI和TAI得分显著高于士兵和士官组(P<0.01)。③年龄:>30岁组TAI得分显著高于25岁以下各组(P<0.01);>25~30岁组TAI得分显著高于20岁以下各组(P<0.01)。④军龄:TAI得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);>12~16年组和>16年组TAI得分显著高于≤1年、>1~2年、>2~5年和>5~8年组(P<0.05,P<0.01)。⑤海拔高度:SAI和TAI得分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);≤2 000 m组SAI和TAI得分显著高于>2 500~3 000 m组(P<0.01)。⑥文化程度:呈现SAI和TAI得分大学及以上组>高中(中专)组>初中及以下组的趋势(P<0.01)。⑦非独生子女组SAI得分显著低于独生子女组(P<0.05)。结论     高海拔环境的军人状态特质焦虑在性别、职别、年龄、军龄、文化程度、独生子女情况和海拔高度上差异有统计学意义。

Abstract:

Objective      To investigate the characteristic of state-trait anxiety in the officers and soldiers stationed at plateau. Methods      State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were employed to survey 6 019 officers and soldiers from 45 plateau troops through group survey. The characteristic of statetrait anxiety in the participants were analyzed. Results      ① Compared with the male participants, the female ones obtained higher score of trait anxiety (P<0.01). ②  The STAI scores were significantly higher in the officers than the soldiers and sergeants (P<0.01). ③ The score of trait anxiety was remarkably higher in the participants over 30 years old soldiers than those younger than 25 years old (P<0.01), and the scores in the >20~30-year-old than the <20-year-old (P<0.01). ④ The score of trait anxiety was significantly different in the participants with different length of service (P<0.05, P<0.01). The score of those with service length of >12 to 16 years and of >16 years was higher those with the length of ≤1, >1~2, >2~5 and >5~8 years respectively (P<0.05, P<0.01). ⑤ The scores of state anxiety and trait anxiety were significantly different among those stationed at different altitude levels (P<0.01). Those at altitude level of <2 000 m had significantly higher scores of state anxiety and trait anxiety than those at >2 500~3 000 m (P<0.01). ⑥ On education levels, the scores of the participants with college level and above were significantly higher than those of senior and junior middle school group (P<0.01). ⑦ The status anxiety score was lower in those from non-single-child family than those from singlechild family (P<0.01). Conclusion       The officers and soldiers stationed at plateau have significant different characteristics in status and trait anxiety in aspects of gender, rank, age, service length, educational level, from single-child family or not, and altitude levels.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-05