[1]张晶轩,杨国愉,赵梦雪,等.正负性情绪、社会支持和冲动性对强制隔离戒毒人员复吸倾向的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(15):1594-1598.
 ZHANG Jingxuan,YANG Guoyu,ZHAO Mengxue,et al.Effects of positive and negative affect, social support and impulsivity on relapse trend of drug abusers in compulsory isolated detoxification center[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(15):1594-1598.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2017年第15期
页码:
1594-1598
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2017-08-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of positive and negative affect, social support and impulsivity on relapse trend of drug abusers in compulsory isolated detoxification center
作者:
张晶轩杨国愉赵梦雪王菲菲张莹
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室;重庆师范大学教育科学学院
Author(s):
ZHANG Jingxuan YANG Guoyu ZHAO Mengxue WANG Feifei ZHANG Ying

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology of Armyman, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; School of Education, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
Keywords:
drug abusers in compulsory isolated detoxification center positive and negative affect social support impulsivity relapse trend
分类号:
R395.2; R472.6; R749.61
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的      探讨强制隔离戒毒人员正负性情绪、社会支持和冲动性对复吸倾向的影响。方法      采用正负性情绪量表(positive and negative affect scale,PANAS)、社会支持评定量表(social support revalued scale,SSRS)和冲动性量表第11版(Barratt impulsiveness scale 11 version,BIS-11)分别对戒毒人员进行测量,并采用复吸倾向量表对戒毒人员复吸倾向进行考察。运用多元回归分析方法建立模型,考察正负性情绪、社会支持和冲动性与复吸倾向之间的关系。结果      ①戒毒人员的复吸倾向与年龄、性别、婚姻状况和文化程度等人口学变量无关。②运动冲动性、负性情绪和主观社会支持对复吸倾向存在显著影响(R2=0.087,F=15.056,P<0.05),且运动冲动性和负性情绪越高、主观社会支持越低,复吸倾向越明显。③运动冲动性在注意冲动性和复吸倾向之间起部分中介作用,在无计划冲动性和复吸倾向之间起完全中介作用;主观支持在支持利用度和复吸倾向之间起完全的中介作用。结论      强制隔离戒毒人员的负性情绪、主观社会支持和运动冲动性直接影响其复吸倾向;而注意冲动性、无计划冲动性和支持利用度间接影响其复吸倾向。

Abstract:

Objective      To investigate the effects of positive and negative affect, social support and impulsivity on relapse trend of drug abusers in compulsory isolated detoxification center. Methods       Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), Social Support Revalued Scale (SSRS) and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11 version (BIS-11) were employed to evaluate drug abusers’ emotion, social support and impulsivity. Relapse Trend Scale (RTS) was used to assess the participants’ possibility of drug relapse. Multi-factor linear regression was applied to explore the relationship of positive and negative emotion, social support and impulsivity with relapse trend. Results       ① Drug abusers’ relapse trend was not related with age, gender, marital status and educational background. ② Motor impulsivity, negative emotion and perceived social support had significant effect on relapse trend (R2=0.087, F=15.056, P<0.05). Stronger motor impulsivity and negative emotion, and lower perceived social support suggested obvious relapse trend. ③ Motor impulsivity exerted partially mediating effect between attentional impulsivity and relapse trend, and full mediating effect between non-planning impulsivity and relapse trend. Also a full mediation effect was also seen in perceived social support between utilization social support and relapse trend. Conclusion       Negative emotion, perceived social support and motor impulsivity directly affect relapse trend in drug abusers in compulsory isolated detoxification center. While attentional impulsivity, nonplanning impulsivity and utilization of social support exert indirect effect.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-14