[1]王菲菲,徐文佳,谢守蓉,等.高原军人抑郁、焦虑与情绪调节方式的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(15):1537-1542.
 WANG Feifei,XU Wenjia,XIE Shourong,et al.Relationship of emotion regulation types with depression and anxiety in military personnel in high altitude[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(15):1537-1542.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2017年第15期
页码:
1537-1542
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2017-08-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationship of emotion regulation types with depression and anxiety in military personnel in high altitude
作者:
王菲菲徐文佳谢守蓉李丽李晋赖薇郑飞宇王立菲刘云波1蒋娟王佳徐媛媛杨国愉
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室;格尔木,解放军第22医院护理部;解放军62201部队政治部
Author(s):
WANG Feifei XU Wenjia XIE Shourong LI Li LI Jin LAI Wei ZHENG Feiyu WANG Lifei LIU Yunbo JIANG Juan WANG Jia XU Yuanyuan YANG Guoyu

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology of Armyman, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Department of Nursing, No.22 Hospital of PLA, Golmud, Qinghai Province, 816000; Department of Politics, No.62201 Troop of PLA, Xining, Qinghai Province, 810008, China

关键词:
高原军人抑郁状态焦虑特质焦虑情绪调节方式
Keywords:
plateau military personnel depression state anxiety trait anxiety emotion regulation types
分类号:
R339.54; R749; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的       探讨高原军人抑郁、焦虑与情绪调节方式的关系。方法      采用流调中心抑郁自评量表(center for epidemiologic studies depression scale,CES-D)、状态-特质焦虑量表(state-trait anxiety inventory,STAI)、军人情绪调节方式量表(armymen emotion regulation types questionnaire,AERTQ)对4691名高原军人进行抽样调查。结果     ①高原军人抑郁发生率为31.60%,均分为(13.27±7.19);状态焦虑均分(39.28±8.98),特质焦虑均分(39.28±8.43)。② 4种军人情绪调节方式使用频率差异有统计学意义[F(3,13 890)=1401.99,P<0.01],从高到低依次是自我安慰(15.60±4.29)、情感求助(13.82±4.22)、行为抑制(13.45±4.32)、认知重视(11.16±3.98)。③高原军人的抑郁、状态焦虑、特质焦虑都与认知重视(r=0.492、r=0.303、r=0.373,P<0.01)、行为抑制(r=0.189、r=0.041、r=0.057,P<0.01)呈正相关,而与情感求助(r=-0.099、r=-0.185、r=-0.161,P<0.01)、自我安慰(r=-0.150、r=-0.221、r=-0.227,P<0.01)呈负相关。③认知重视、行为抑制、情感求助、自我安慰能够有效地预测高原军人抑郁情绪,总解释率为29.40%;认知重视、情感求助、自我安慰能够预测高原军人状态焦虑和特质焦虑,总解释率分别为17.00%、22.10%。结论      使用不同军人情绪调节方式对高原军人抑郁、状态焦虑和特质焦虑有重要影响。

Abstract:

Objective       To explore the relationship of emotion regulation types with depression and anxiety in officers and soldiers stationed in high altitude areas. Methods        A total of 4 691 officers and soldiers stationed in plateau areas were surveyed with epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D), statetrait anxiety inventory (STAI) and armymen emotion regulation types questionnaire (AERTQ). Results         ① In high altitude areas, the prevalence rate of depression in military personnel was 31.60%. The mean score for depression symptom was 13.27±7.19, that for state anxiety inventory was 39.28±8.98, and for trait anxiety inventory was 39.28±8.43. ②The frequencies of  using 4 emotion regulation types were significant different [F(3,13890)=1401.99, P<0.01], with self-comfort (15.60±4.29), affective-appeal (13.82±4.22), behavior-restrain (13.45±4.32), and cognitive-focus (11.16±3.98) in order. ③The depression, state anxiety and trait anxiety had positive correlation with cognitive-focus (r=0.492, r=0.303, r=0.373, P<0.01) and behavior-restrain (r=0.189, r=0.041, r=0.057, P<0.01), and had negative correlation with affective-appeal (r=-0.099, r=-0.185, r=-0.161, P<0.01) and self-comfort (r=-0.150, r=-0.221, r=-0.227, P<0.01). ④ Cognitivefocus, behavior-estrain, affective-appeal and selfcomfort were predictors of depression, with a total explanation rate of 29.40% for the total variance. Cognitivefocus, affective-appeal and self-comfort were predictors of state anxiety and trait anxiety, which could explain 17.00% and 22.10% respectively of the total variance. Conclusion        Different emotion regulation types exert important effect on depression, state anxiety and trait anxiety in officers and soldiers in high altitude.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-05