[1]蔡文鹏,肖婕,潘昱,等.中国青年军人社会期望现况凋查及其对情绪状态和心理健康的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(22):2244-2248.
 Cai Wenpeng,Xiao Jie,Pan Yu,et al.Chinese young soldiers’ social desirability and its effect on emotional state and mental health[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(22):2244-2248.
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中国青年军人社会期望现况凋查及其对情绪状态和心理健康的影响(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
37卷
期数:
2015年第22期
页码:
2244-2248
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2015-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Chinese young soldiers’ social desirability and its effect on emotional state and mental health
作者:
蔡文鹏肖婕潘昱董薇杨振华周进平田彬于海波严进
第二军医大学心理与精神卫生学系;解放军总医院心理科;南京军区福州总医院;南京政治学院上海校区军事心理学教研室
Author(s):
Cai Wenpeng Xiao Jie Pan Yu Dong Wei Yang Zhenhua Zhou Jinping Tian Bin Yu Haibo Yan Jin

Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433; Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853; Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, 350025; Department of Military Psychology, Shanghai Branch, Nanjing Institute of Politics, Shanghai, 200433, China

关键词:
社会期望焦虑敏感性青年军人
Keywords:
social desirability anxiety sensitivity young soldiers
分类号:
R395.6;R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的      研究青年军人社会期望在人口学资料上的差异,并探讨社会期望对青年军人情绪状态和心理健康的影响。      方法      选择驻京某陆军和武警部队850名官兵发放《Marlowe-Crowne社会期望量表》《症状自评量表》《状态特质焦虑量表》《流调中心用抑郁量表》《焦虑敏感性指数量表-3》和《军事应激反应性焦虑预测量表》等心理问卷,对其进行评估和分析。      结果      ①青年军人社会期望在性别、服役年限、军种(武警/陆军)、职别(士兵/士官/干部)以及籍贯等人口学维度上差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),但是否独生子女和文化程度两个维度具有显著性差异(F=8.561,P=0.004;F=3.354,P=0.035),高中和中专学历军人社会期望值高于大学以上学历军人(LSD-t=1.086,P=0.021)。②低社会期望组在CESD、STAI、SMMU-A和ASI量表得分均显著高于高社会期望组(P<0.001)。③低社会期望组在SCL-90总分及各分量表得分均显著高于高社会期望组(P<0.001)。④社会期望与情绪状态和心理健康相关(P<0.01)。      结论      低学历军人和非独生子女军人对社会期望的依赖程度高于高学历和独生子女军人,而高社会期望的军人呈现较好的情绪状态和心理健康水平。

Abstract:

Objective      To research the difference of young soldiers’ social desirability from the demographic data, and explore the effect of the social desirability on the emotional state and mental health.       Methods      Marlowe-Crowne social desirability (MCSD), symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90), state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D), anxiety sensitivity index Ⅲ (ASI-3) and SMMU military stress reactional anxiety prediction scale (SMMU-A) were tested in the army forces and armed police forces in Beijing, and 811 questionnaires were collected effectively.       Results      The young soldiers’ social desirability had no statistically significant differences in the gender, service length, service (armed police/army), job title (soldiers/officers/cadres) and native place (P>0.05). However, the only-child and education degree had significant differences (F=8.561, P=0.004; F=3.354, P=0.035), and the soldiers with education degree of high school or technical secondary school had higher social desirability than the ones with college education degree or above (LSD-t=1.086, P=0.021). The soldiers with low social desirability scored higher than the ones with high social desirability in the CESD, STAI, SMMU-A and ASI scale (P<0.001). The solders with low social desirability also scored higher than the ones with high social desirability in the total scores and single-item scores of SCL-90 (P<0.001). Social desirability was significantly associated with the emotional state and mental health (P<0.01).        Conclusion      The  soldiers with low education degree and the non-only-child solders rely more on the social desirability than the ones with high education degree and the only-child ones. The solders with high social desirability have better emotional state and mental health.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2015-11-21