[1]贺英,赵梦雪,王皖曦,等.适应性团体心理训练对新兵心理健康和情绪的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2015,37(19 ):1972-1975.
 He Ying,Zhao Mengxue,Wang Wanxi,et al.Adaptive group psychological training improves mental health and emotional states in new recruits[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2015,37(19 ):1972-1975.
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适应性团体心理训练对新兵心理健康和情绪的影响(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
37卷
期数:
2015年第19期
页码:
1972-1975
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2015-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Adaptive group psychological training improves mental health and emotional states in new recruits
作者:
贺英赵梦雪王皖曦王立菲陆地杨国愉
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室;解放军第324医院精神卫生中心
Author(s):
He Ying Zhao Mengxue Wang Wanxi Wang Lifei Lu Di Yang Guoyu

Department of Armyman Developmental and Educational Psychology, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Mental Health Center, No. 324 Hospital of PLA, Chongqing, 400041, China

关键词:
团体心理训练心理健康焦虑抑郁新兵
Keywords:
group psychological training mental health anxiety depression new recruits
分类号:
R395.6; R821.2; R821.41
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的      探讨适应性团体心理训练对新兵心理健康和情绪的影响。      方法      采用整群随机抽样的方法,抽取某部2012年入伍新兵180人为研究对象,按照建制连分为实验组(89人)和对照组(91人)。对实验组进行每周1次,每次90~120 min,共9次的团体心理训练,对照组进行日常教育训练。采用症状自评量表(symptom checklist 90,SCL-90),焦虑自评量表(self-rating anxiety scale,SAS),抑郁自评量表(self-rating depression scale,SDS),特质焦虑问卷(trait anxiety inventory,TAI),比较两组被试干预前后心理健康和情绪的差异。      结果      ①与训练前比较,实验组新兵SCL-90得分除躯体化外,其余因子分显著降低(P<0.05,P<0.01);而对照组新兵除躯体化因子分显著降低外(P<0.05),其余因子得分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。②与训练前比较,实验组新兵SAS、SDS、TAI得分均显著降低(P<0.05,P<0.01);对照组新兵SDS得分显著提高(P<0.05)。      结论      适应性团体心理训练能提高新兵的心理健康水平,帮助新兵缓解焦虑、抑郁情绪。

Abstract:

Objective      To determine the effects of adaptive group psychological training on mental health and emotional states in new recruits.       Methods       Random cluster sampling was used to sample 180 new recruits who joined the army in December 2012. They were divided into experimental group (n=89) and control group (n=91) according to different military companies they belonged to. The experimental group received group psychological training once a week, and each session lasted for 90 to 120 min, for totally 9 times. The control group did not receive any psychological training. Symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS), and trait anxiety inventory (TAI) were employed to evaluate their mental health and emotional states before and after training.        Results      Except that of somatization, the other factor scores of SCL-90 were significantly lower in the experimental group after than before training (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the factor scores of the control group had no significant difference (P>0.05), except that the score of somatization was obviously lower (P<0.05). The SAS, SDS and TAI scores were significantly decreased in the experimental group after training (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the scores of SDS were increased in the control group (P<0.05).       Conclusion      Adaptive group psychological training effectively improves the mental health in new recruits, and help them to relieve anxiety and cope with negative emotions.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2015-09-28