[1]陈珑,于永菊,彭李,等.军校医学生心理弹性与其人格、认知偏向、正负性情绪的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(16):1731-1734.
 Chen Long,Yu Yongju,Peng Li,et al.Relationships of resilience with personality, cognitive attention, positive and negative affect in military medical students[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(16):1731-1734.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2013年第16期
页码:
1731-1734
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationships of resilience with personality, cognitive attention, positive and negative affect in military medical students
作者:
陈珑于永菊彭李石磊陈星宇李嘉文李静谢钧润孟涛李敏
第三军医大学:心理学院军事心理学教研室,学员旅,人文社科学院军事体育教研室
Author(s):
Chen Long Yu Yongju Peng Li Shi Lei Chen XingyuLi Jiawen  Li Jing Xie Junrun Meng Tao Li Min
Department of  Military Psychology, College of Psychology, Cadet Brigade,Department of Military Physical Training, College of Arts and Social Sciences, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China
关键词:
心理弹性人格认知偏向正负性情绪军校医学生
Keywords:
resiliencepersonalitycognitive attentionpositive and negative affectmilitary medical students
分类号:
G645;R395.6;R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      探讨军校医学生的心理弹性与其人格、认知偏向、正负性情绪的关系。      方法      采用心理弹性量表(CD-RISC)、大五人格简式量表(NEO-FFI)、正负性认知偏向量表(APNIS)、正负性情绪量表(PANAS-C)对某军医大学1 014名本科生进行抽样调查。      结果      ①军校医学生心理弹性总分为(72.83±11.21)分,一年级和三年级学生的心理弹性显著高于二年级学生(P<0.01),男女生心理弹性无统计学差异(P>0.05)。②心理弹性高分组与低分组在人格、认知偏向、正负性情绪上均存在统计学差异(P<0.01)。心理弹性总分与外向性、开放性、宜人性、严谨性、正性他人、正性自己、正性情绪呈显著正相关(r值为0.12~0.56,P<0.01);与神经质、负性他人、负性自己、负性情绪呈显著负相关 (r值为-0.15~-0.30,P<0.01)。③神经质、严谨性、宜人性、负性自己、正性自己、负性情绪、正性情绪可有效的预测军校医学生的心理弹性水平,总解释率为41.9%。④正性情绪在外向性、负性情绪与心理弹性之间起部分中介效应,在负性自己和心理弹性之间起完全中介效应。      结论      军校医学生的心理弹性水平与其人格、认知偏向、正负性情绪密切相关,积极正性的人格特征、合理的认知偏向以及正性情绪都能够促进个体心理弹性的发展,是心理弹性的重要保护性因素。
Abstract:
Objective      To identify the relationships of resilience with personality, cognitive attention, positive and negative affect in military medical students.       Methods      Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale(CD-RISC), NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), Attention to Positive and Negative Information Scale (APNIS) and Chinese version of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS-C) were used to survey in 1 100 military medical students sampled from a military medical university.       Results      There were 1 014 valid questionnaires collected in this study. The total score of resilience was 72.83±11.21, with that of the students from grades 1 and 3 significantly higher than that of the students from grade 2 (P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between male and female students (P>0.05). There were significant differences in the personality, cognitive attention and positive and negative affect between the students with higher and lower resilience score (P<0.01). Total resilience had an obvious positive correlation with extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, positive/others, positive/self and positive affect (r=0.12 to 0.56, P<0.01). It was also negatively correlated with neuroticism, negative/others, negative/self and negative affect (r=-0.30 to -0.15, P<0.01). Neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, negative/self, positive/self, negative affect and positive affect were important and effective predictors for resilience, accounting for 41.9% of variance. Positive affect partially mediated the effects of extraversion and negative affect on resilience, and positive affect also totally mediated the relationship of negative/self and resilience.       Conclusion      Military medical students’ resilience is closely related with their personality, cognitive attention, positive and negative affect. Positive personality characteristics, rational cognitive attention, and positive affect are important protective factors for resilience, and are helpful to improve the development of personal resilience.

参考文献/References:

陈珑, 于永菊, 彭李, 等. 军校医学生心理弹性与其人格、认知偏向、正负性情绪的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(16):1731-1734.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2013-08-02