[1]刘耘,冯正直,王庭波,等.常驻高海拔高原陆军军人心理素质特点[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(07):669-672.
 Liu Yun,Feng Zhengzhi,Wang Tingbo,et al.Mental quality of army residents in high-altitude plateau[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(07):669-672.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2013年第07期
页码:
669-672
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-04-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Mental quality of army residents in high-altitude plateau
作者:
刘耘冯正直王庭波何飞
第三军医大学医学心理学院军事认知神经科学教研室;解放军77558部队政治处
Author(s):
Liu Yun Feng Zhengzhi Wang Tingbo He Fei
Department of Military Cognition and Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Department of Politics, No. 77558 Troop, Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, 850000, China
关键词:
高海拔高原陆军军人心理素质
Keywords:
high altitude plateau army men mental quality
分类号:
R339.54; R395.6; R821.7
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      调研常驻高海拔高原陆军军人心理素质特点。      方法       采用自编一般资料调查表、军人心理素质量表(mental quality questionnaire for armymen,MQQA),对驻防海拔3 100 m以上、时间大于6个月的2 589名高原陆军军人进行测试。      结果      ①常驻高海拔陆军军人MQQA总分及各维度分均显著低于军人常模(P<0.01)。心理素质优秀的军人19名(0.74%),心理素质良好的军人187名(7.22%),心理素质中等的军人1 412名(54.54%),心理素质较次的军人682名(26.34%),心理素质较差的军人289名(11.16%)。②常驻高海拔陆军军人心理素质在性别上,男、女军人除忠诚维度外,其余无显著差异(P>0.05);级别上,呈现出军官>士官>士兵的趋势(P<0.05,P<0.01);文化程度上,表现为大专和本科以上>高中>初中(P<0.01),而大专、本科以上差异不显著(P>0.05);年龄上,15~25岁组MQQA总分及聪慧、忠诚、自信分显著低于>25~35岁组、>35~45岁组(P<0.01),>25~35岁组与>35~45岁组差异不显著(P>0.05);随着军龄的增加,所有因子呈现出“升高→下降→升高”的波动变化趋势,除耐挫因子外,均在3年军龄上出现了1个明显的转折点;驻高原年限上,驻守≤1年的军人除耐挫因子外,其余因子分均显著低于驻守3年以上军人(P<0.01),其余两组间无显著差异(P>0.05)。      结论       常驻高海拔高原陆军军人心理素质水平较低,表现出性别、级别、年龄、军龄、驻高原年限、文化程度等差异。
Abstract:
Objective      To investigate of the features of mental quality in army residents in high-altitude plateau.       Methods      A self-made general information questionnaire and Mental Quality Questionnaire for Armymen (MQQA) were used to test 2 589 army residents living in high-altitude plateau (stationed more than 3 100 m, with a duration longer than 6 months). Students’t test and one-way ANOVA analysis were used to make statistical analysis with SPSS statistical software.       Results      ① MQQA score and dimension scores were significantly lower in army residents in high-altitude plateau than the soldiers norm (P<0.01). There were 19 (0.74%) military personnel having excellent psychological quality, 187(7.22%) having good psychological quality sodiers, 1 412 having moderate mental quality (54.54%), 682 having inferior mental quality (26.34%), and 289 having poor mental quality (11.16%). ② There was no significant difference between the male and female soldiers in mental quality except their loyalty dimension (P>0.05). Mental quality was decreased in the rank from officers to sergeants to soldiers (P<0.05, P<0.01), and in educational levels from having college degree to senior middle school to junior middle school (P<0.01), though no significant difference in those having bachelor or college degree (P>0.05). MQQA total score, and intelligent, loyal, and self-confidence scores were significantly lower in the 15- to 25-year-old group than the >25- to 35-, and >35-to 45-year-old groups (P<0.01), though no significant differences in the later groups (P>0.05). With the time longer for military service, all factors showed a trend of “rise-fall-rise”. There was a significant turning point in the every 3 years of military service, except the frustration factor. Beside frustration factor, soldiers stationing less than 1 year in high-altitude plateau had significantly lower scores than those residing longer than 3 (P<0.01), but no in other factors (P>0.05).       Conclusion      Mental quality of army residents in high-altitude plateau is poor, showing differences in gender, grade, age, military service, in residing times, and educational level.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2013-04-07