[1]曹莹莹,王健,杨娟,等.有卒中危险因素的住院患者对卒中危险因素及卒中风险的认识[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(13):1415-1419.
 Cao Yingying,Wang Jian,Yang Juan,et al.Awareness of stroke risk factors and perceived risk for developing stroke among inpatients with stroke risk factors[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(13):1415-1419.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2013年第13期
页码:
1415-1419
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2013-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Awareness of stroke risk factors and perceived risk for developing stroke among inpatients with stroke risk factors
作者:
曹莹莹王健杨娟张杰王妮高攀
重庆医科大学附属第二医院神经内科
Author(s):
Cao Yingying Wang Jian Yang Juan Zhang Jie Wang Ni Gao Pan
Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010, China
关键词:
脑卒中危险因素卒中风险卒中预防
Keywords:
stroke risk factors stroke risk stroke prevention
分类号:
R195.4; R494; R743.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      调查神经内科住院患者中有卒中危险因素的人群对卒中危险因素、自身卒中风险、卒中预防的认知情况。      方法      2012年1-8月,采用自制调查问卷,以面对面的方式,对重庆医科大学附属第二医院神经内科住院患者中500例有卒中危险因素者进行调查。调查内容主要为要求患者回答卒中危险因素、自身是否存在卒中风险以及卒中预防措施等,并应用Logistic回归分析方法对相关因素进行分析。      结果      共完成调查问卷467份。其中,46.3%的患者能正确回答至少1个卒中危险因素,15.5% 能回答≥3个。回答卒中危险因素中比例最高的分别为高血压(39.4%)、高脂血症(17.1%)及糖尿病(14.6%)。44.8%的患者意识到自己存在卒中风险,多因素Logistic回归分析显示,文化程度、高脂血症、心脏病、既往卒中病史与卒中风险认识水平独立相关。55.2%的患者认为卒中能够预防。卒中预防措施中提到最多的是合理饮食(29.3%)、适当锻炼(28.5%)、避免情绪激动或跌倒(18.4%)。      结论      神经内科住院的卒中高危患者缺乏对危险因素、卒中风险及卒中预防措施的认识,有必要加强健康教育以提高其对卒中预防的认识水平。
Abstract:
Objective      To investigate the knowledge of stroke risk factors, perceived risk for developing stroke and stroke prevention among patients with stroke risk factors in Department of Neurology.       Methods      From January to August 2012, face to face interviews were carried out among 500 patients with stroke risk factors by using self-designed questionnaire in Department of Neurology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. They were asked to answer: “what were stroke risk factors”, “whether they would suffer from stroke” and “how to prevent stroke”. Multivariate logistic regression was adopted to analyze the factors.       Results      Four hundred and sixty-seven patients completed the questionnaire. Of the 467 respondents, 40.7% of them knew at least one risk factor of stroke, and 15.5% knew more than 3 risk factors. The highest proportion in the response to stroke risk factors were hypertension (39.4%), hyperlipidemia (17.1%) and diabetes (14.6%).  Patients of 44.8% were aware of their own risks of stroke. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that stroke was independently associated with education, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, previous history of stroke and the awareness of their own risks of stroke. Patients of 55.2% believed that stroke could be prevented. The most mentioned preventive measures for stroke were reasonable diet (29.3%), appropriate exercise (28.5%), and avoidance of emotion agitation and fall (18.4%).       Conclusion      Patients with high risk of stroke in Department of Neurology are often unable to identify risk factors of stroke, do not perceive themselves to be at risk to stroke, and are lack of awareness of the stroke preventive measures. It is necessary to strengthen health education to improve their level of awareness of stroke prevention.

参考文献/References:

曹莹莹,王健,杨娟,等. 有卒中危险因素的住院患者对卒中危险因素及卒中风险的认识[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(13):1415-1419.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2013-07-01