[1]沈世琴,耿文秀,肖凯,等.汽车兵焦虑情绪现状及其与人格特征的相关性研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2011,33(04):400-402.
 Shen Shiqin,Geng Wenxiu,Xiao Kai,et al.Correlation of anxiety and personality traits in military driver[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2011,33(04):400-402.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
33卷
期数:
2011年第04期
页码:
400-402
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2011-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Correlation of anxiety and personality traits in military driver
作者:
沈世琴耿文秀肖凯张婵
第三军医大学大坪医院野战外科研究所门诊部;华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院应用心理学教研室
Author(s):
Shen Shiqin Geng Wenxiu Xiao Kai Zhang Chan
Department of Policlinic, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Chongqing, 400042; Psychology & Congnition School, East Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, China
关键词:
军事人员汽车驾驶焦虑人格心理学试验
Keywords:
military personnel auto mobile driving anxiety personality psychological tests
分类号:
R395.1;R749.72;R821.21
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的   研究汽车兵焦虑现状及其与人格特征的相关性。   方法   采用Zung编制的焦虑自评量表(self-ratin anxiety scale,SAS)、Spielberger编制的特质焦虑问卷(trait anxiety inventory,TAI)和艾森克人格问卷简式量表中国版(Eysenck’s personality questionnaire-R short scale,EPQ-RSC)对441名汽车兵进行团体测评。   结果   汽车兵SAS得分(标准分)均值为(43.30±9.35),TAI得分均值为(43.12±7.95),二者均显著高于全国常模(P<0.01)。各驾龄组间比较,5~6年驾龄汽车兵SAS均值最高,与1~2年、2~3年、3~4年、10年以上驾龄组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。其次为驾龄小于1年汽车兵,与2~3年、3~4年驾龄组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);驾龄小于1年汽车兵的TAI均值最低,与1~2年相比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。相关分析发现,SAS、TAI得分均与精神质和神经质呈正相关。   结论   汽车兵状态焦虑和特质焦虑水平高于正常人群,状态焦虑和特质焦虑水平均与神经质和精神质程度呈正相关,特质焦虑水平与神经质水平的相关性尤为显著。
Abstract:
Objective   To survey the anxiety status and its correlation with personality traits of military driver.   Methods   Self-rating anxiety sale (SAS), trait anxiety inventory (TAI) and Eysenck’s personality questionnaire-R short Scale (EPQ-RSC) were used to survey 441 military drivers, all male, at a mean age of 22.86±3.18 (ranging from 17 to 35) .   Results   The mean standard score of SAS and TAI were 43.30±9.35 and 43.12±7.95 respectively. Both of the mean standard score of SAS and TAI were significantly higher than the norm. The driver with a driving history of 5 to 6 years got the highest score of SAS and significantly higher than those with a history of 1 to 2 years, 2 to 3 years, 3 to 4 years, and over 10 years (P<0.05). The SAS score of drivers within 1 year driving history ranked the second, with significantly higher than the scores of the the driver with a history of 2 to 3 years and those with 3 to 4 years (P<0.05). What’s more, the drivers within 1 year driving had the lowest score of TAI, significantly lower than that of those with 1 to 2 years’ history (P<0.05). Both the score of SAS and TAI were positively correlated with the scores of psychoticism and neuroticism.The score of TAI was negatively correlated with the score of extroversion-introversion.   Conclusion   The military drivers are suffered from state and trait anxiety at certain degrees. Their state and trait anxiety are both positively correlated with psychoticism and neuroticism. The correlation between trait anxiety and neuroticism is of most significance.

参考文献/References:

沈世琴, 耿文秀, 肖凯, 等. 汽车兵焦虑情绪现状及其与人格特征的相关性研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2011,33(4):400-402.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2011-02-19