[1]王燕秋,张佳佳,任景敏,等.大学生心理弹性及其影响因素分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2010,32(07):684-687.
 Wang Yanqiu,Zhang Jiajia,Ren Jingmin,et al.Resilience in college students and its influencing factors[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2010,32(07):684-687.
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大学生心理弹性及其影响因素分析(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
32卷
期数:
2010年第07期
页码:
684-687
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2010-04-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Resilience in college students and its influencing factors
作者:
王燕秋张佳佳任景敏黄健李敏许莹彭李缪毅张钰
第三军医大学:护理系心理学教研室,政治部,科研部;云南医学高等专科学校
Author(s):
Wang Yanqiu Zhang Jiajia Ren Jingmin Huang Jian Li Min Xu Ying Peng Li Miao Yi Zhang Yu
Department of Psychology, School of Nursing, Division of Political Affairs,Division of Scientific Research Affairs,Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Yunnan Medical College, Kunming, Yunnan Province, 650031, China
关键词:
心理测验抽样研究社会支持生活事件大学生心理弹性
Keywords:
psychological tests sampling studies social support life  events college students resilience
分类号:
R395.6;R195.1;R645.5
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的  研究大学生心理弹性及其影响因素。  方法  采用成人心理弹性量表(resilience scale for adults,RSA)、青少年生活事件量表、症状自评量表(Symptom Checklist 90, SCL-90)、艾森克人格问卷(Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, EPQ)以及社会支持量表对某大学2 085名学生进行整群抽样调查。  结果  ①大学生的心理弹性水平较高(M=2.76,SD=0.41);男女生在自我认知(t=2.466,P=0.014)和未来计划(t=3.977,P=0.000)两个因子上存在显著性差异;贫困和非贫困的学生在社会支持因子上存在显著性差异(t=-2.073,P=0.038)。②大学生的心理弹性与社会支持、外向性存在显著的正相关(r=0.394,0.459),与神经质、生活事件、SCL-90总分存在显著的负相关(r=-0.270,-0.170,-0.153)。③外向性、社会支持、神经质及生活事件能显著地预测心理弹性,解释率达29.9%。  结论  大学生心理弹性状况良好,心理弹性与社会支持、人格特点、生活事件密切相关,能较好地预测大学生的心理健康状况。
Abstract:
Objective  To explore the characteristics of resilience in college students and its influencing factors.   Methods  Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Life Events Scale, depression, anxiety and somatization of Self-report Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Social Support Scale were applied in this survey to 2 085 college students (340 males and 1 727 females, at age of 20.39±1.43) collected by cluster sampling.   Results  The high resilience has been found in college students (2.76±0.41). The boys were significantly higher in perception of self (t=2.466, P=0.014) and planned future (t=3.977, P=0.000) than girls. There was significantly difference in poverty and not poverty students in social support factor (t=-2.073, P=0.038). Resilience had the obvious positive correlation with the social support(r=0.394), extraversion(r=0.459), and negative correlation with the neuroticism(r=-0.270), life events(r=-0.170) and SCL-90(r=-0.153). Extraversion, social support, neuroticism and life events had the good predictive ability (29.9%) to resilience.   Conclusion  The high resilience has been found in college students, and it is related to social support, personality and life events, and effectively predicts resilience.

参考文献/References:

王燕秋,张佳佳,任景敏,等.大学生心理弹性及其影响因素分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2010,32(7):684-687.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2010-04-02