[1]王佳,张晶轩,薛奕童,等.勇敢对高原军人心理健康的影响:基于负性认知加工偏向的调节[J].第三军医大学学报,2020,42(16):1586-1591.
 WANG Jia,ZHANG Jingxuan,XUE Yitong,et al.Effect of bravery on mental health of plateau soldiers: based on modification of negative cognitive processing bias[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2020,42(16):1586-1591.
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勇敢对高原军人心理健康的影响:基于负性认知加工偏向的调节(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第16期
页码:
1586-1591
栏目:
专题报道
出版日期:
2020-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of bravery on mental health of plateau soldiers: based on modification of negative cognitive processing bias
作者:
王佳张晶轩薛奕童许珂肖红徐慧敏王慧中冯正直
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学):医学心理系军人发展心理学教研室,研究生院
Author(s):
WANG Jia ZHANG Jingxuan XUE Yitong XU Ke XIAO Hong XU Huimin WANG Huizhong FENG Zhengzhi
Department of Developmental Psychology for Armyman, Faculty of Medical Psychology, 2Graduate School, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China
 
关键词:
高原军人心理健康勇敢负性认知加工偏向纵向研究
Keywords:
high altitude military personnel mental health bravery negative cognitive processing bias longitudinal study
分类号:
R339.54; R395.6; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的探讨高原军人心理健康的纵向变化特点及勇敢、负性认知加工偏向的预测作用。方法采用症状自评量表(Symptom Checklist 90, SCL-90)对255名高原军人于2016—2018年连续3年进行纵向追踪调查;采用2016年高原军人勇敢得分和2017年高原军人负性认知加工偏向得分,对2018年198名高原军人心理健康得分进行因果关系预测。结果①2016—2018年,高原军人心理健康均分差异无统计学意义[F(2,252) =1.51,P>0.05];追踪阳性项目数差异有统计学意义[F(2,252)=3.90, P<0.05];阳性项目均分差异有统计学意义[F(2,252)=13.36, P<0.05]。②人口学变量和军事职业变量对高原军人心理健康变化影响不明显(P>0.05);③负性认知加工偏向在勇敢与心理健康间调节效应显著(t=-2.34,P<0.01),共解释心理健康变异率的25.3%。结论勇敢对心理健康得分具有负向预测作用,负性认知加工偏向对心理健康得分具有正向预测作用,勇敢与心理健康之间的关系受到负性认知加工偏向调节。
 
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo explore the longitudinal characteristics of mental health in the soldiers stationing in the plateau, and the predictive roles of bravery and negative cognitive processing bias. MethodsSymptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was used to make a longitudinal survey on 255 plateau soldiers for 3 consecutive years during 2016 and 2018. The bravery scores of them in the year of 2016 and the negative cognitive processing bias scores in 2017 were employed to make causality prediction for the mental health scores of 198 soldiers in 2018. Results① There were no significant differences in the average scores of mental health in the participants in the years of 2016 to 2018 [F(2, 252)=1.51, P>0.05]; The number of longitudinal positive items was significantly different in the 3 years of follow-up [F(2,252)=3.90, P<0.05], so were the average scores of these positive items [F(2,252)=13.36, P<0.05]. ② Demographic variables and military occupational variables showed no obvious effect on the mental health scores of the participants in the 3 years (P>0.05). ③The negative cognitive processing bias showed significant modification effect on bravery and mental health (t=-2.34, P<0.01), accounting for 25.3% of the variation rate of mental health. ConclusionThere are no significant differences in the longitudinal average total scores of mental health in the plateau soldiers during the 3 years. The number of positive items in 2018 is obviously lower than that in 2017, in a downward trend. But, the average scores of positive items in 2018 is higher than those in 2016 and 2017, indicating an upward trend. Bravery has a negative effect on mental health score, while negative cognitive processing bias has a positive effect on mental health score. The relationship between bravery and mental health is regulated by negative cognitive processing bias.
 

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-17