[1]思飞,甄玲玲,王映珍,等.艾司洛尔对脓毒症大鼠心肌细胞凋亡影响的实验研究[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2020,42(13):1292-1300.
 SI Fei,ZHEN Lingling,WANG Yingzhen,et al.Effects of esmolol on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in septic rats[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2020,42(13):1292-1300.
点击复制

艾司洛尔对脓毒症大鼠心肌细胞凋亡影响的实验研究(/HTML )
分享到:

陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报)[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2020年第13期
页码:
1292-1300
栏目:
基础医学
出版日期:
2020-07-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of esmolol on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in septic rats
作者:
思飞 甄玲玲王映珍张蓓张鸿彬滕靖茜马莉
兰州大学:第二临床医学院 ,第二医院急危重症科3病区
Author(s):
SI Fei ZHEN Lingling WANG Yingzhen ZHANG Bei ZHANG Hongbin TENG Jingqian MA Li
Second Clinical Medical College of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, 730030; 2Ward 3 of Department of Critical Care Medicine, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, 730030, China
 
关键词:
脓毒症艾司洛尔Bcl-2BaxCaspase-3氧化应激线粒体细胞凋亡
Keywords:
sepsis esmolol Bcl-2 Bax Caspase-3 oxidative stress mitochondria apoptosis
分类号:
R322.11; R631; R972.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的观察短效、高选择性β1受体阻滞剂艾司洛尔对脓毒症大鼠心肌细胞凋亡的影响作用,并探讨可能机制。方法63只雄性Wistar大鼠采用随机数字表法分为假手术组(Sham组),脓毒症组(CLP组)和艾司洛尔组(ES组),再根据时间点不同随机分为6、12 h和24 h 3个亚组,每亚组7只。Sham组仅开腹翻动盲肠,CLP和ES组均采用盲肠结扎穿孔术(cecal ligation and puncture,CLP)建立脓毒症模型后股静脉置管。Sham、CLP组以1 mL/h速度持续泵入0.9%氯化钠溶液6 h。ES组以1 mL/h速度持续泵入艾司洛尔稀释液[15 mg/(kg·h)],共6 h。造模成功后于6、12 h及24 h时间点处死大鼠,采集并处理标本。ELISA法检测血清TNF-α和BNP水平。WST-1法检测心肌组织SOD活力。分光光度法检测心肌组织MDA含量。Western blot检测心肌组织Caspase-3,Bcl-2,Bax等蛋白的表达。透射电镜观察心肌线粒体结构损伤情况。结果与Sham组各时间点相比,CLP、ES组血清TNF-α、BNP水平升高,心肌MDA含量增加,促凋亡蛋白Caspase-3、Bax表达增加(P<0.05)。除ES24h组BNP水平较CLP24h组差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)外,与CLP组各时间点相比,ES组血清TNF-α、BNP水平降低,心肌MDA含量减少,Caspase-3、Bax等促凋亡蛋白表达减少(P<0.05)。与Sham组各时间点相比,CLP、ES组心肌SOD含量和抗凋亡蛋白Bcl-2表达均减少(P<0.05)。与CLP组各时间点相比,ES组心肌SOD含量和抗凋亡蛋白Bcl-2表达均增加(P<0.05)。电镜下,Sham组各时间点线粒体结构基本正常。CLP组线粒体结构损伤程度最严重,且损伤程度随时间点推移逐渐加重,而ES组各时间点心肌线粒体结构损伤均较CLP组减轻。结论艾司洛尔可通过抑制脓毒症大鼠心肌细胞凋亡,在一定程度上改善心功能。机制可能为艾司洛尔通过抑制凋亡启动因子TNF-α,调节Bcl-2、Bax、Caspase-3等凋亡相关蛋白表达而抑制细胞凋亡过程,同时减轻了既是凋亡伴随过程又是凋亡重要启动因素的氧化应激反应,保护了凋亡与氧化应激损伤的靶细胞器线粒体结构。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of esmolol, a short-acting, highly selective β-blocker, on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in septic rats and its possible mechanism. MethodsA total of 63 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (Sham group), sepsis group (CLP group), and esmolol group (ES group). Each group was further divided into 6-, 12-, and 24-hour subgroups. The rats of the Sham group were given sham surgery only, and those of the CLP and ES groups underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to establish sepsis model. The Sham group and the CLP group were continuously infused with 0.9% sodium chloride solution at a speed of 1 mL/h by micropump for 6 h, while the ES group was continuously infused with 15 mg/kg·h esmolol diluted solution at 1 mL/h for 6 h. Then the rats were sacrificed at 6, 12 and 24 h after successful modeling, and the heart specimens were collected. Serum TNF-α and BNP levels were measured by ELISA. Water soluble tetrazolium (WST-1) method was used to detect SOD activity, and spectrophotometry to determine MDA content in myocardial tissue. The expression levels of Caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax and other proteins in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blotting. Transmission electron microscopy was performed to observe the morphology and structure of myocardial mitochondria. ResultsCompared with the levels at the same time points in Sham group, the serum TNF-α and BNP levels, MDA content, and expression levels of apoptotic proteins such as Caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased in the CLP and ES groups (P<0.05). Except the level of BNP in ES24h group was not significantly different than that in CLP24h group (P>0.05), ES group had obviously decreased serum TNF-α and BNP levels, MDA content, and expression levels of Caspase-3 and Bax when compared with those in the CLP group at same time points (P<0.05). The SOD activity and Bcl-2 level were remarkably higher in the CLP and ES groups at the same time points (P<0.05), and the activity and levels were increased in the ES group than the CLP group at all time points (P<0.05). Under a transmission electron microscope, myocardial fibers and mitochondria were almost intact in the Sham group at all time points; the damages were the most severe in the CLP group, and the severity was deteriorated gradually with time elapse, while the conditions became alleviated in the ES group at each time point. ConclusionEsmolol partially improves cardiac function in septic rats by inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The mechanism may be due to its inhibition in apoptosis initiation factor TNF-α and regulation in the expression of apoptosis-related proteins such as Bcl-2, Bax, and Caspase-3, and reduction of the oxidative stress response as well. It mediates both the accompanying process of apoptosis and an important initiator of apoptosis, and protects the mitochondrial structure of target organelles damaged by apoptosis and oxidative stress. 

相似文献/References:

[1]江明宏,郭海平,黄雄,等.艾司洛尔治疗急性心肌梗死所致室性心律失常1例[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2010,32(24):2581.

更新日期/Last Update: 2020-07-06