[1]王佳,杨艳贞,冯正直.中国陆军特种兵抑郁情绪特点及相关因素研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2018,40(21):2011-2014.
 WANG Jia,YANG Yanzhen,FENG Zhengzhi.Characteristics of depressive emotion and its influencing factors in Army Special Forces of Chinese PLA[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2018,40(21):2011-2014.
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中国陆军特种兵抑郁情绪特点及相关因素研究(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2018年第21期
页码:
2011-2014
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2018-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of depressive emotion and its influencing factors in Army Special Forces of Chinese PLA
作者:
王佳杨艳贞冯正直
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)医学心理系;解放军73106部队卫生连
Author(s):
WANG Jia YANG Yanzhen FENG Zhengzhi

School of Psychology, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038; 73106  medical company  PLA,  Huaian, Jiangsu Province, 223300,China

关键词:
陆军特种兵拒绝敏感社会抑制抑郁情绪
Keywords:
Army Special Forces rejection sensitivity social inhibition depressive symptoms  
分类号:
R395.1; R749.4; R821.23
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的   探讨陆军特种兵的抑郁状况及其影响机制。方法    采用拒绝敏感量表(Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire,RSQ)、D型人格量表(Type D Personality Scale,DPS)和自评抑郁量表(SelfRating Depression Scale,SDS)对593名陆军特种兵进行问卷调查。结果    ①陆军特种兵同伴拒绝敏感得分最高[(8.25±3.26)分]、亲密拒绝敏感性次之[(7.50±3.71)分]、师长拒绝敏感得分最低[(7.07±3.06)分,F(2,590)=18.76, P<0.01];②陆军特种兵轻度抑郁占31%;中度抑郁占3.7%,重度抑郁占0.2%;③拒绝敏感与社会抑制、抑郁情绪呈显著正相关(r=0.17, P<0.01),社会抑制与抑郁情绪呈显著正相关(r=0.33, P<0.01);④结构方程模型结果显示:社会抑制在拒绝敏感与抑郁情绪的关系中起部分中介效应,中介效应量为31.21%。结论    陆军特种兵轻度抑郁检出率显著高于中国军人常模,中度抑郁检出率差异无统计学意义,重度抑郁检出率显著低于中国军人常模;陆军特种兵社会抑制在拒绝敏感与抑郁情绪间起部分中介效应。

Abstract:

Objective    To explore the status of depressive symptoms in Army Special Forces of Chinese PLA and investigate the influencing mechanism. Methods   Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ), Type D Personality Scale (DPS), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were employed to survey 593 special soldiers were recruited and measured with. Results①The participates had highest score of peers’ rejection sensitivity (8.25±3.26), followed by moderate score of intimates’ rejection sensitivity (7.50±3.71) and lower score of teachers’ rejection sensitivity was lowest (7.07±3.06), with statistical significance [F(2, 590)=18.76, P<0.01]. ② The prevalence rates of mild depression,moderate depression and major depression were 31%, 3.7% and 0.2%, respectively. ③Rejection sensitivity was positively correlation with social inhibition (r=0.17, P<0.01) and depressive symptoms (r=0.17, P<0.01), and social inhibition was positively correlated with depressive symptoms (r=0.33, P<0.01).④The results of structural equation model indicated that social inhibition partially mediated the relationships between rejection sensitivity and depressive symptoms, with value of mediating effect of 31.21%. ConclusionWhen compared with Chinese military norm, the Army Special Forces have significantly higher morbidity of mild depression, lower rate of major depression, but no such difference in that of moderate depression. Social inhibition plays mediating role between rejection sensitivity and depressive emotion.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-19