[1]冯丹,陈萍,胡春梅,等.口腔按摩提高放疗后鼻咽癌患者口咽舒适度的效果研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2018,40(21):2001-2005.
 FENG Dan,CHEN Ping,HU Chunmei,et al.Effect of oral massage on improving oropharyngeal comfort in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2018,40(21):2001-2005.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2018年第21期
页码:
2001-2005
栏目:
临床医学
出版日期:
2018-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of oral massage on improving oropharyngeal comfort in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy
作者:
冯丹陈萍胡春梅王道晓张庆玲
陆军军医大学(第三军医大学)第二附属医院:肿瘤科,护理处
Author(s):
FENG Dan CHEN Ping HU Chunmei WANG Daoxiao ZHANG Qingling

Department of Oncology, Nursing Office, Second Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400037, China

关键词:
口腔按摩鼻咽肿瘤放射疗法口干咽痛张口困难
Keywords:
oral massage program  nasopharyngeal neoplasms radiotherapy xerostomia sore throat difficulty opening mouth
分类号:
R473.73; R730.55; R739.6
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的    探讨口腔按摩对放疗后鼻咽癌患者口咽舒适度的影响。方法    选择我科2016年1月至2017年3月首次行鼻咽癌放射治疗的85例患者作为研究对象,在患者知情同意的基础上,按随机数字表法将其分为研究组(n=43)和对照组(n=42)。研究组采用口腔按摩和常规护理,对照组采用常规护理。干预3个月后比较两组患者口干、张口困难、咽痛及口腔舒适度评分情况。结果    研究组口干发生率、张口困难发生率及咽痛的数字评分法(numeric rating scale,NRS)评分、口腔舒适度评分低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论    在常规护理的基础上,对放疗后鼻咽癌患者实施口腔按摩,可降低口干和张口困难的发生率,减少咽痛评分,提高口腔舒适度。

Abstract:

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of oral massage on oropharyngeal comfort in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. MethodsA total of 85 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma who underwent radiotherapy in our department from January 2016 to March 2017 were included. After having signed the informed consent, they were randomly divided into observation group (n=43) and control group (n=42). The observation group underwent the oral massage program (designed by doctors, nurses and physical therapists) and usual care, whereas the control group only received usual care. In 3 month later, the incidence of xerostomia and difficulty in opening mouth, sore throat scores and oral comfort scores were collected and compared between 2 groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the incidence of xerostomia and difficulty in opening mouth, angina numeric rating scale (NRS) scores and oral comfort scores were significantly lower in the observation group (P<0.05). ConclusionOn the basis of usual care, oral massage for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy decreases the incidence of xerostomia and difficulty in opening mouth, relieves sore throat and improves oral comfort.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-19