[1]郁红月,张维,卢戎戎,等.重庆市1995-2015年HIV感染和艾滋病的流行特点和长期趋势分析[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(20):2051-2058.
 YU Hongyue,ZHANG Wei,LU Rongrong,et al.Epidemiological characteristics and secular trend of HIV infection and AIDS in Chongqing during 1995 and 2015[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(20):2051-2058.
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重庆市1995-2015年HIV感染和艾滋病的流行特点和长期趋势分析(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2017年第20期
页码:
2051-2058
栏目:
公共卫生与预防医学
出版日期:
2017-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological characteristics and secular trend of HIV infection and AIDS in Chongqing during 1995 and 2015
作者:
郁红月张维卢戎戎吴国辉宿昆张耀向颖杨书李亚斐
第三军医大学军事预防医学院军队流行病学教研室;重庆市疾病预防控制中心;610500 成都,成都医学院公共卫生系
Author(s):
YU Hongyue ZHANG Wei LU Rongrong WU Guohui SU Kun ZHANG Yao XIANG Ying YANG Shu LI Yafei

Department of Military Epidemiology, College of Military Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038: Chongqing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chongqing 400042; 3Faculty of Public Health, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610083, China

关键词:
人类免疫缺陷病毒感染艾滋病疾病监测流行特征重庆
Keywords:
HIV infection AIDS disease surveillance epidemic characteristics Chongqing
分类号:
R195.4; R512.91
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的      分析重庆市1995-2015年HIV感染/AIDS患病(HIV/AIDS)状况及流行特征,以便为重庆市制定艾滋病预防和控制相关策略提供科学依据。方法     利用国家疾病监测信息报告系统中艾滋病综合防治信息的相关资料,对重庆市1995-2015年HIV/AIDS的相关数据进行描述性流行病学分析。结果     重庆1995-2015年HIV/AIDS累计报告32 589例,其中男性24 792例(76.07%),男女比例3.18∶1。20~49岁的中青年占大部分(64.84%),≥50岁年龄段所占比例逐年上升。文化程度以初中学历者所占比例最高(35.72%),大专及以上学历者构成比近年来呈上升趋势。职业以农民构成比最高(28.21%),且呈逐年上升的趋势。传播途径以异性性传播和同性性传播为主(分别占65.62%和20.55%),且呈上升趋势,而以注射毒品途径感染的构成比则呈逐年下降趋势。感染者被发现途径以检测咨询为主(25.02%)。结论     重庆市HIV/AIDS报告疫情和传播途径近20年来呈现不同程度的变化,其中老年人群、高学历者、农民、男男同性人群的报告的比例近年来呈上升趋势。

Abstract:

Objective      To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and secular trend of HIV infection and AIDS during 1995 and 2015 in order to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of HIV infection and AIDS (HIV/AIDS) in Chongqing city. Methods      The data of HIV/AIDS in Chongqing from 1995 to 2015 were collected from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment Information System in the National Diseases Reporting Information System. The descriptive epidemiological analysis was used to explore the distribution and secular trend. Results      By the end of 2015, totally 32 589 HIV/AIDS cases were reported. Among them, 24 792 cases (76.07%) were male, and the ratio of male to female was 3.18. The patients were mainly at the age of 20 to 49 (64.84%), and the proportion of those ≥50 years old was increased year by year. The cases with educational level of junior school accounted for 35.72%, while the proportion of the subjects with college or higher levels was in an upward trend in recent years. The peasants accounted for the highest proportion of occupation (28.21%), which even showed an increasing trend yearly. The routes of transmission were mainly heterosexual sex (65.62%) and homosexual sex (20.55%), both of which were increased year by year. However, the proportion of infection due to drug injecting was declined with years. Detection and consultation (25.02%) were the main way to find the infections. Conclusion      The reported distribution and transmission of HIV/AIDS are in various changes during the past 20 years. The reported proportions of the elderly, those with higher educational levels, peasants and men who have sex with men (MSM) are increasing in recent years.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2017-10-26