[1]刘红平,杨国愉,张晶轩,等.急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应特点[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(12):1304-1305.
 Liu Hongping,Yang Guoyu,Zhang Jingxuan,et al.Characteristics of acute stress reactions during military training with acute high-altitude exposure[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(12):1304-1305.
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2017年第12期
页码:
1304-1305
栏目:
医学心理学
出版日期:
2017-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of acute stress reactions during military training with acute high-altitude exposure
作者:
刘红平杨国愉张晶轩赵梦雪王菲菲王萍
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室
Author(s):
Liu Hongping Yang Guoyu Zhang Jingxuan Zhao Mengxue Wang Feifei Wang Ping

Department of Military Developmental and Educational Psychology, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China

关键词:
急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应
Keywords:
acute high-altitude exposure soldiers military training acute stress reactions
分类号:
R339.54; R395.1; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

目的       探讨急进高海高原驻训军人急性应激反应特点。方法        采用军人急性应激反应量表(acute stress response scale for armymen,ASRSA),于到达高原(海拔3 450 m)3 d内,对600名急进高海拔高原驻训军人进行团体心理测评,比较其急性应激反应的人员类别、文化程度、子女结构和婚姻状况差异。结果         各项目与总分之间的相关系数在0.72~0.95(P<0.01),同质性信度(Cronbach α系数)为0.961,Spearman分半信度为0.946,说明ASRSA在急进高海拔高原军人群体中有较好的信度和区分度,可以作为急进高海拔高原军人群体中的测评工具。①急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应各维度得分在士(军)官和义务兵组间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。②急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应各维度得分在文化程度组间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),本科及以上文化组认知改变、情绪反应、行为变化、生理反应、病理改变、工作效率和总反应指数得分显著高于高中及以下文化组(P<0.05);③独生子组急性应激反应病理改变和工作效率维度得分显著高于非独生子组(P<0.05);④急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应各维度得分在未婚组和已婚组间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);⑤急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应病理改变得分在各军龄组间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论        急进高海拔高原驻训军人急性应激反应得分存在显著的文化程度、子女结构和军龄差异。

Abstract:

Objective        To investigate the characteristics of acute stress reactions in response to military training with an acute high-altitude exposure. Methods         Acute Stress Response Scale for Armymen (ASRSA) was employed to conduct group tests in 600 military officers and soldiers within 3 d of acute high-altitude (3 450 m) exposure. Then analyses were carried out on the characteristics of acute stress reaction and the differences among various of occupations, education degree, only child or not and marital status. Results         ASRSA item analysis showed that the correlation coefficients between each item score and the total score ranged from 0.72 to 0.95 (P<0.05) with a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.961 and a split-half reliability coefficient of 0.946, suggesting a good validity and a strong discriminative power of ASRSA in these military officers and soldiers. ①The sergeants (officers) and soldiers participating in this study showed comparable factor scores (P>0.05). ②The factor scores differed significantly among the groups with different education levels (P<0.05), and the participants with a bachelor’s degree or above had significantly higher scores for cognitive changes, emotional response, behavioral changes, physiological response, pathological changes, working efficiency and total stress response index than the senior high school graduates (P<0.05). ③The participants who were the only child of the family had significantly higher scores for physiological response and working efficiency than those with siblings (P<0.05). ④No significant differences were found in the scores for acute stress response between the married and nonmarried groups (P>005). ⑤The participants with different lengths of military service showed significantly different scores for pathological changes (P<0.05). Conclusion        The educational level, having siblings or not, and the length of military service are all factors associated with acute stress reactions in military personnel undergoing training with an acute high-altitude exposure.

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相似文献/References:

[1]刘红平,杨国愉,张晶轩,等.急进高原驻训军人正负性情绪变化特点与人格特征的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2017,39(21):2145.
 LIU Hongping,YANG Guoyu,ZHANG Jingxuan,et al.Correlation of positive-negative emotion changes and personality characteristics in military personnel before, during and after acute high altitude exposure for training[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2017,39(12):2145.

更新日期/Last Update: 2017-06-28