[1]贺英,赵梦雪,王立菲,等.野战部队新兵心理素质特点的研究[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2014,36(09):971-975.
 He Ying,Zhao Mengxue,Wang Lifei,et al.Characteristics of mental quality in new recruits of field army unit[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2014,36(09):971-975.
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野战部队新兵心理素质特点的研究(/HTML )
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陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报)[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
36卷
期数:
2014年第09期
页码:
971-975
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2014-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics of mental quality in new recruits of field army unit
作者:
贺英赵梦雪王立菲陆地张丽王皖曦杨国愉
第三军医大学心理学院军人发展与教育心理学教研室;解放军第324医院精神卫生中心
Author(s):
He Ying Zhao Mengxue Wang Lifei Lu Di Zhang Li Wang Wanxi Yang Guoyu
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology for Army Men, College of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Mental Health Center, No. 324 Hospital of PLA, Chongqing, 400041, China
关键词:
野战部队新兵心理素质
Keywords:
field army recruit mental quality
分类号:
R395.6; R821.2
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      探讨野战部队新兵心理素质的特点。      方法       采用军人心理素质量表(mental quality questionnaire for armymen, MQQA)、症状自评量表(symptom checklist 90, SCL-90)对2012年某野战部队2 651名新兵进行团体测评,分析新兵心理素质的特点。      结果        ①新兵心理素质总分和各维度分均显著高于士兵常模(P<0.01)。  ②女性新兵心理素质忠诚维度分显著高于男性(P<0.05)。③新兵心理素质得分呈现随年龄的增长逐渐增高的发展趋势:>19~25岁组在心理素质总分及各维度分上显著高于>17~19岁组和16~17岁组(P<0.01);除勇敢维度外,>17~19岁组在心理素质总分及其他维度分上显著高于16~17岁组(P<0.05,P<0.01)。④新兵心理素质得分呈现随文化程度增加逐渐增高的发展趋势:专科及以上组心理素质总分及各维度分显著高于高中(中专)组(P<0.01);除勇敢维度外,高中(中专)组在心理素质总分及各维度得分显著高于初中及以下组(P<0.05, P<0.01)。⑤双亲家庭的新兵心理素质总分及各维度分显著高于单亲家庭(P<0.05,P<0.01)。⑥民主型家庭新兵心理素质总分及各维度分显著高于强制型、放任型和溺爱型家庭(P<0.05,P<0.01);强制型家庭新兵忠诚、勇敢、自信、耐挫维度分及总分显著高于溺爱型家庭新兵(P<0.05,P<0.01),勇敢、自信维度分及总分显著高于放任型家庭新兵(P<0.05,P<0.01);放任型家庭新兵耐挫维度分显著高于溺爱型家庭新兵(P<0.05)。⑦心理健康组新兵心理素质总分及各维度分显著高于心理不健康组(P<0.01)。      结论       野战部队新兵心理素质水平整体较好,呈现性别、年龄、文化、家庭结构和教养方式等差异。
Abstract:
Objective       To investigate the characteristics of mental quality in new recruits of field army unit.       Methods       Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Mental Quality Questionnaire for Army Men (MQQA) were employed to survey 2 651 new recruits who joined the army in December 2012. And then an analysis was carried out on the characteristics of mental quality in these recruits.       Results       ①The total score and each factor score of mental qualities were significantly higher in these recruits than the soldiers norm’s (P<0.01);  ②The female soldiers obtained obviously higher score of loyalty of mental qualities than the males (P<0.05); ③ The mental qualities scores of the recruits showed an increasing trend with their age, with total scores and score of each dimension significantly higher in 19- to 25-year-old than in those of 17- to 19-year-old and 16- to 17-year-old (P<0.01). And the scores of those of 18- to 19-year-old were significantly higher than 16- to 17-year-old besides the score of braveness (P<0.05, P<0.01);  ④The scores of mental qualities were increased as the educational level raised, with the scores of college and above degrees significantly higher than those of high school (secondary) group (P<0.01); Except brave scores, the high school (secondary) group had significantly higher total scores and score of each dimension than junior middle school and below group (P<0.05,P<0.01);  ⑤The mental qualities of recruits who were raised in two-parent families were more robust than single-parent families (P<0.05);  ⑥Compared with recruits with other parenting patterns, the recruits who were raised in democratic families obtained highest mental qualities (P<0.05, P<0.01); the recruits raised in coercive families obtained significantly higher mental quality scores than those in doting family (P<0.05, P<0.01), and obtained higher scores than recruits in laissez faire families on brave, self-confidence and also on the total scale (P<0.05). While laissez faire family mental qualities of the recruits from were significantly higher than doting family recruits on the frustration factor (P<0.05). ⑦The total score and each factor score of mental qualities were higher in normal mental health group than abnormal mental health group (P<0.01).       Conclusion       As a whole, the cohort of new recruits have higher mental qualities, showing differences in gender, age, education, family structure and parenting pattern.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2014-05-06