[1]马中锐,蒙华庆,胡华,等.反社会行为始于青少年期和儿童期的暴力犯罪青少年童年受虐史、攻击行为的差异比较[J].第三军医大学学报,2012,34(24):2511-2514.
 Ma Zhongrui,Meng Huaqing,Hu Hua,et al.Childhood abuse and aggressive behavior in violent adolescent criminals with adolescence- vs children-onset antisocial behavior[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2012,34(24):2511-2514.
点击复制

反社会行为始于青少年期和儿童期的暴力犯罪青少年童年受虐史、攻击行为的差异比较(/HTML )
分享到:

《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
34卷
期数:
2012年第24期
页码:
2511-2514
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Childhood abuse and aggressive behavior in violent adolescent criminals with adolescence- vs children-onset antisocial behavior
作者:
马中锐蒙华庆胡华邹志礼王慧杜莲张洪银
重庆医科大学附属第一医院心理卫生中心
Author(s):
Ma Zhongrui Meng Huaqing Hu Hua Zou Zhili Wang Hui Du Lian Zhang Hongyin
Mental Health Center, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China
关键词:
攻击行为虐待忽视犯罪青少年
Keywords:
aggressive behavior abuse neglect crime adolescent
分类号:
R913.5;R395
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      比较反社会行为始于青少年期(adolescence-onset, AO)和始于儿童期(children-onset, CO)的暴力犯罪青少年童年受虐史、攻击行为差异;探索AO与CO攻击行为与受虐的关系。      方法      选取14~18岁男性暴力犯罪青少年AO、CO各110例,选取14~18岁110例普通男性学生作为对照,采用一般情况问卷、儿童虐待问卷、忽视问卷、攻击问卷进行横断面调查研究。      结果      父母不良嗜好、社会风气、父母婚姻及关系、父母教育程度等家庭社会环境因素3组差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);儿童期受虐、被忽视各因子及总分3组差异有统计学意义(F=86.524、F=70.754,P<0.01),且AO组交流及躯体忽视得分高于CO组和对照组(P<0.05),AO组和CO组性虐待、虐待总分高于对照组(P<0.05);攻击各因子及总分:CO组>AO组>对照组,差异有统计学意义(F=24.887,P<0.01);AO组、CO组攻击行为与童年虐待均呈显著正相关(rAO=0.44、rCO=0.78,P<0.01)。      结论      AO较CO暴力犯罪青少年童年期家庭社会环境更差,童年受虐、被忽视程度更严重,但CO暴力犯罪青少年攻击行为更强,提示未来对青少年暴力犯罪的干预需根据其类型特征采取不同措施。
Abstract:
Objective      To investigate the differences of childhood abuse, neglect and aggressive behavior between violent adolescent criminals with adolescence-(AO) and children-onset (CO) antisocial behavior, and to explore the relationship of aggressive behavior between AO and CO with being abused.       Methods      One hundred and ten AO and 110 CO violent adolescent criminals (all males, with an age ranging from 14 to 18) were selected from Chongqing juvenile prison. Another 110 male students at the same age range from an occupation high school served as control. All of them were assessed with the self-made general situation questionnaire, childhood trauma questionnaire-28-item short-form (CTQ-SF), aggression questionnaire (AQ) and child neglected scale to cross-sectional survey research.       Results      There were significant differences in the bad habits of parents, dwelling environment, customs, parental rearing styles, and marital status among the 3 groups(P<0.01). Very statistical differences were found in the childhood abuse, neglect and total score among the 3 groups(F=86.524, F=70.754, P<0.01). The communication and body ignore  was higher in the AO group than CO and control groups (P<0.05), yet the sexual abuse and abuse total score were higher in the AO and CO groups than control (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the aggressive behaviors among the 3 groups (F=24.887, P<0.01), in an order of CO group>AO group>control. There was positive correlation between aggressive behaviors and childhood abuse both in the AO and CO groups (rAO=0.44,rCO=0.78, P<0.01).       Conclusion      AO group has worse childhood family, social environment, abuse and neglect compared with CO group, but CO group has stronger aggressive behavior. Our results indicate that different measurement should be taken according to the characteristics of different groups of violent criminals in future intervention.

相似文献/References:

[1]雷莉,张艳,胡华,等.早年慢性应激对青春期大鼠攻击行为及下丘脑腹内侧核和前额皮质脑源性神经营养因子表达的影响[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(03):233.
 Lei Li,Zhang Yan,Hu Hua,et al.Effect of early chronic life stress on aggressive behavior and expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in hypothalamus and prefrontal cortex in puberty rats[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(24):233.
[2]俞荷俊,乔淮燕,张戎,等.中学生攻击行为与自感青春发动时相及学校因素的关系[J].第三军医大学学报,2013,35(17):1843.
 Yu Hejun,Qiao Huaiyan,Zhang Rong,et al.Association of aggressive behavior with perceived pubertal timing and school factors in middle school students[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2013,35(24):1843.
[3]顾璇,姚荣英.交往焦虑与中学生攻击行为的相关性研究[J].第三军医大学学报,2011,33(19):2091.

更新日期/Last Update: 2012-12-19