[1]张兴秀,郭慧娟,李琳,等.缺血性脑卒中大鼠模型骨髓干细胞的动员和神经修复作用[J].第三军医大学学报,2012,34(12):1192-1196.
 Zhang Xingxiu,Guo Huijuan,Li Lin,et al.Effects of G-CSF on nerve repair and mobilization of bone marrow stem cells in rat models of focal cerebral ischemic stroke[J].J Third Mil Med Univ,2012,34(12):1192-1196.
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缺血性脑卒中大鼠模型骨髓干细胞的动员和神经修复作用(/HTML )
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《第三军医大学学报》[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
34卷
期数:
2012年第12期
页码:
1192-1196
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2012-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of G-CSF on nerve repair and mobilization of bone marrow stem cells in rat models of focal cerebral ischemic stroke
作者:
张兴秀郭慧娟李琳王健郑敏
重庆医科大学附属第二医院神经内科,重庆医科大学基础医学院组织学与胚胎学教研室
Author(s):
Zhang Xingxiu Guo Huijuan Li Lin Wang Jian Zheng Min
Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400010;Department of Histology and Embryology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China
关键词:
卒中G-CSF动员骨髓干细胞血管再生神经修复
Keywords:
stroke G-CSF mobilization bone marrow stem cells angiogenesis nerve repair
分类号:
R-332;R363.22;R743.3
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的      研究粒细胞集落刺激因子(granulocyte-colony stimulating factor,G-CSF)对卒中后骨髓干细胞的动员与血管再生和神经修复的影响。      方法      线栓法制备大鼠大脑中动脉栓塞(middle cerebral artery occlusion, MCAO)模型,成功造模大鼠(60只)分为生理盐水对照组和G-CSF治疗组。治疗组皮下注射G-CSF[2、10、50、250 μg/(kg·d)],对照组以等量生理盐水进行处理。治疗1、3、5、7 d后,进行行为学评分并取外周血计数单个核细胞,提取RNA 进行RT-PCR检测单个核细胞CD31、CXCR4 mRNA的表达水平;实验动物灌注固定后取脑组织切片检测G-CSF作用后脑组织中CD31、CD133及基质细胞衍生因子SDF-1表达。      结果      与生理盐水对照组相比,G-CSF治疗组神经功能有明显的改善(P<0.05);G-CSF 作用后外周血中单个核细胞数量明显增加;G-CSF低剂量作用组[2、10 μg/(kg·d)]外周血单个核细胞CD31及CXCR4 mRNA表达随着用药时间的延长而增强;高剂量[50、250 μg/(kg·d)]在短时间内(1、3 d),外周血单个核细胞CD31、CXCR4 mRNA随着用药剂量的升高而增强,250 μg/(kg·d)最强,且随着用药时间的延长(5、7 d),G-CSF作用逐渐减弱; G-CSF作用后脑组织内皮细胞标志CD31、CD133及SDF-1阳性表达明显增加。      结论      G-CSF能改善MCAO后大鼠症状,其机制可能在于动员骨髓干细胞进入外周血并促进脑组织SDF-1表达以趋化干细胞,继而促进脑组织的血管再生和神经修复。
Abstract:
Objective      To investigate the effect and mechanism of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on mobilization of bone marrow stem cells, angiogenesis and nerve repair in infarct brain tissues of rats with focal cerebral ischemia.       Methods      The rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were constructed using filament occlusion method, and 60 MCAO model rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=12) and a G-CSF group (n=48). The rats of the G-CSF group were subcutaneously injected with G-CSF [2, 10, 50 and 250 μg/(kg·d)] for 1, 3, 5 and 7 d, and the rats of the control group were injected with the same amount of normal saline. The neurological scale was evaluated. The number of mononuclear cells (MNCs) in peripheral blood was counted. The mRNA expressions of CD31 and CXCR4 were detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of CD31, CD133 and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) were detected by immunohistochemistry.       Results      Compared with the control group, the neurological function of the rats was improved significantly (P<0.05), and the number of MNCs in peripheral blood increased significantly in the G-CSF group. The mRNA expression of CD31 and CXCR4 in MNCs increased in a time-dependent manner in the low-dose G-CSF groups [2 and 10 μg/(kg·d)]. In the high-dose G-CSF groups [50 and 250 μg/(kg·d)], the mRNA expression of CD31 and CXCR4 in MNCs increased in a dose-dependent manner in the first 3 d, but the increase was gradually weakened from the 4th to the 7th day. The expression of CD31, CD133 and SDF-1 in the brain tissues of the G-CSF group significantly increased as compared with those of the control group.       Conclusion      The symptoms of MCAO model rats can be relieved by G-CSF, which can induce the mobilization of bone marrow stem cells in peripheral blood and upregulate the SDF-1 expression in brain tissues of MCAO model rats to promote angiogenesis and nerve repair.

参考文献/References:

张兴秀, 郭慧娟, 李琳, 等. 缺血性脑卒中大鼠模型骨髓干细胞的动员和神经修复作用[J].第三军医大学学报,2012,34(12):1192-1196.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2012-06-15