[1]左昕,彭李,李敏,等.水面舰艇军人自我意识、心理应激水平和作业疲劳的关系[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2011,33(09):954-956.
 Zuo Xin,Peng Li,Li Min,et al.Relationships of self-consciousness and psychological stress with work fatigue in warship soldiers[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2011,33(09):954-956.
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陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报)[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
33卷
期数:
2011年第09期
页码:
954-956
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2011-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationships of self-consciousness and psychological stress with work fatigue in warship soldiers
作者:
左昕彭李李敏缪毅许莹叶民文项新能邱太兴
第三军医大学护理系心理教研室;海军91960部队:政治部,医院
Author(s):
Zuo Xin Peng Li Li Min Miao Yi Xu Ying Ye Minwen Xiang Xinneng Qiu Taixing
Departemtn of Psycho-logy, School of Nursing, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038; Division of Political Affairs, Hospital, No. 91960 Naval force, Shantou, Guangdong Province, 515074, China
关键词:
自我接纳自我概念心理应激作业疲劳
Keywords:
self-acceptance self-concept psychological stress work fatigue
分类号:
R831;R395.6;R195.1
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的    研究水面舰艇军人自我意识(自我接纳和自我概念)、心理应激水平和作业疲劳的关系。    方法     采用自我接纳问卷(Self Acceptance Questionnaire, SAQ)、Wallance自我概念量表(Wallance Self Concept Scale,WSCS)、心理应激自评问卷(Psychological Stress Self-evaluation Test,PSET)、心理卫生自评量表(Symptom Checklist,SCL-90)和作业疲劳症状自评量表(Newly Developed Questionnaire for Work Related Fatigue Feelings,WRFFQ),对舰艇部队1 451名军人进行整群抽样调查。    结果     ①军人自觉疲劳症状严重者占10.4%,干部、士官和士兵三者间无显著差异(P>0.05)。作业疲劳低分组在自我接纳和自我概念得分均显著高于高分组,而PSET和SCL-90得分显著低于高分组(P<0.01);②作业疲劳总分与自我接纳、自我概念、PSET和SCL-90的相关系数r分别为-0.30、-0.23、0.58和0.74(P<0.01);③SCL-90总均分和PSET能较好地预测作业疲劳,解释率达60.3%。SCL-90和PSET直接正性影响作业疲劳,且SCL-90还可通过影响PSET间接正性影响疲劳。自我意识通过影响SCL-90和PSET间接对疲劳产生负性影响。    结论     水面舰艇军人作业疲劳与自我接纳、自我概念、心理健康水平和抗应激能力密切相关。
Abstract:
Objective     To identify the relationships of self-consciousness and psychological stress with work fatigue in warship soldier.     Methods     Self Acceptance Questionnaire (SAQ), Wallance Self Concept Scale (WSCS), Psychological Stress Self-evaluation Test (PSET), Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) and Newly Developed Questionnaire for Work Related Fatigue Feelings (WRFFQ) were surveyed in 1 451 warship soldiers of a naval force by cluster sampling method.     Results     ①10.4% of soldiers had severe subjective fatigue symptoms. There was no significant difference among officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers (P>0.05). Compared with higher fatigue group, the lower group had significantly higher scores in self-acceptance and self-concept, but lower scores in PSET and SCL-90 (P<0.01); ②The total score of work fatigue had obvious correlations with self-acceptance (r=-0.30), self-concept (r=-0.23), PSET (r=0.58) and SCL-90 (r=0.74); ③ PSET and the mean score of SCL-90 could explain 60.3% of work fatigue. SCL-90 and PSET had direct positive impact on work fatigue. The SCL-90 affected PSET and had indirect positive influence on work fatigue. Self-consciousness had indirect negative effect on fatigue by influencing on PSET and SCL-90.     Conclusion     Work fatigue in warship soldiers has close relationships with their self-acceptance, self-concept, mental health and anti-stress ability.
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-05-04