[1]袁红欣,黄英,陈坤华,等.支气管激发试验在婴幼儿慢性咳嗽诊断中的应用[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2007,29(20):2002-2004.
 YUAN Hong-xin,HUANG Ying,CHEN Kun-hua,et al.Application of bronchial provocation test to diagnose chronic cough in infants[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2007,29(20):2002-2004.
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陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报)[ISSN:1000-5404/CN:51-1095/R]

卷:
29卷
期数:
2007年第20期
页码:
2002-2004
栏目:
论著
出版日期:
2007-10-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of bronchial provocation test to diagnose chronic cough in infants
作者:
袁红欣黄英陈坤华罗健石田田龚财惠
重庆医科大学附属儿童医院呼吸内科
Author(s):
YUAN Hong-xin HUANG Ying CHEN Kun-hua LUO Jian SHI Tian-tian GONG Cai-hui
Department of Respiratory Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400014, China
关键词:
慢性咳嗽支气管激发试验肺功能乙酰甲胆碱
Keywords:
chronic cough bronchial provocation test lung function methacholine
分类号:
R441.5;R720.4
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 评价支气管激发试验(bronchial provocation test, BPT)在婴幼儿慢性咳嗽诊断及鉴别诊断中的应用价值。  方法  选取慢性咳嗽患儿50例,喘息性疾病患儿23例,正常婴幼儿10例进行BPT,试验中观察肺部哮鸣音、血氧饱和度(SaO2)、气道阻力(Rrs)、达峰时间比、达峰容积比等,作为阳性判断指标。  结果  在50例慢性咳嗽患儿中有39例BPT为阳性(78%),而23例有喘息症状的患儿中有21例阳性(91.3%),正常对照组全部为阴性(10/10例)。在BPT阳性患儿中SaO2、Rrs、%T-PF、%V-PF在激发前后变化均有显著性差异(P<0.01),而阴性患儿中只有SaO2、Rrs前后变化有统计学意义(P<0.05)。  结论  用BPT来辅助婴幼儿慢性咳嗽的诊断及鉴别诊断有很高的临床实用价值,用综合指标来判断激发试验,结果更为准确、可靠。
Abstract:
Objective    To evaluate bronchial provocation test (BPT) in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of chronic cough in infants.     Methods    Fifty infants with chronic cough, 23 wheezed infants and 10 controls were included. BPT was performed and the indexes including SaO2, Rrs, %T-PF, %V-PF and lung symptoms were recorded.     Results    Thirty-nine out of 50 infants with chronic cough were positive (78%) in BPT, while 21 out of 23 wheezed infants positive (91.3%); the controls were all negative (100%). Significant difference in SaO2, Rrs, %T-PF, %V-PF was found in the infants positive in BPT before and after BPT. And in the infants who were negative, only SaO2 and Rrs were of significant difference before and after BPT.     Conclusion    BPT is of high clinic value in auxiliary diagnosis and differential diagnosis of chronic cough in infants. To judge the BPT result with comprehensive index is more stable and reliable.

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[1]赵志强,赵新河,陈琰,等.支气管激发试验阳性率和FEF75%关系探讨[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2007,29(11):1108.
 ZHAO Zhi-qiang,ZHAO Xin-he,CHEN Yan,et al.Relationship between FEF75% and positive rate of bronchial provocation tests[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2007,29(20):1108.
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[3]毕玉田,王耀丽,洪新,等.104例慢性咳嗽的临床诊断和治疗[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2004,26(23):0.[doi:10.16016/j.1000-5404.2004.23.031 ]
 BI Yu-tian,WANG Yao-li,HONG Xin,et al.[J].J Amry Med Univ (J Third Mil Med Univ),2004,26(20):0.[doi:10.16016/j.1000-5404.2004.23.031 ]
[4]闫霞.咳嗽变异性哮喘诊断探讨[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),2001,23(02):0.[doi:10.16016/j.1000-5404.2001.02.061 ]
[5]龙子善,高景源,王明荣,等.自发性血气胸——附10例报告[J].陆军军医大学学报(原第三军医大学学报),1987,09(01):0.[doi:10.16016/j.1000-5404.1987.01.030 ]

更新日期/Last Update: 2008-07-11